Furcellaran-Coated Microcapsules as Carriers of Cyprinus carpio Skin-Derived Antioxidant Hydrolysate: An In Vitro and In Vivo Study
Joanna Tkaczewska , Ewelina Jamróz , Ewa Piątkowska , Barbara Borczak , Joanna Kapusta-Duch , Małgorzata Morawska
AbstractCarp skin gelatine hydrolysate (CSGH) may be a possible bioactive peptide source, as promising antioxidant properties have been noted during in vivo testing. Hence, the present study focused on improving the bioavailability of the antioxidant peptides from CSGH and on the use of furcellaran (FUR), which can protect the biopeptides during digestion in the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, in this study, microcapsules coated with furcellaran and containing CSGH cores were prepared. The structural properties of the sample were determined using FT-IR and SEM analysis. The antioxidant properties of hydrolysate, uncoated, and encapsulated samples were investigated. In vivo analysis included determination of its safety in an animal organism and evaluation of the lipid profile, antioxidant blood status, and mRNA expression of some genes involved in antioxidant status in Wistar rats. The results showed no adverse effects of microencapsulated protein hydrolysates in laboratory animals. Nonetheless, there was a statistically significant rise in the level of total antioxidant status blood serum among animals consuming CSGH and not inducing oxidative stress. This can be viewed as a promising indication of the positive effects of antioxidant properties tested in vivo. The process of CSGH microencapsulation in FUR cause a decrease in antioxidant hydrolysate activity, both in vitro, as well as in healthy Wistar rats. When considering the results of the presented diverse therapeutic potential, further research on CSGH being a potential bioactive peptide source used as a functional food or nutraceutical, but with a different microencapsulation coating, is encouraged.
|Journal series||Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.7|
|Keywords in English||carp; gelatine; animal study; antioxidant activity; microcapsules; furcellaran|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2016 = 1.392; : 2018 = 4.171 (2) - 2018=4.813 (5)|
|Finansowanie||This work was supported by the National Centre for Research and Development, Poland (Grant No. Lider/21/0003/l–7/15/NCBR/2016).|
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