Achieving cost-effective landscape-scale forest restoration through targeted natural regeneration
Renato Crouzeilles , Hawthorne L. Beyer , Lara M. Monteiro , Rafael Feltran-Barbieri , Ana C. M. Pessôa , Felipe S. M. Barros , David B. Lindenmayer , Eric D. S. M. Lino , Carlos E. V. Grelle , Robin L. Chazdon , Marcelo Matsumoto , Marcos Rosa , Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec , Bernardo B.N. Strassburg
AbstractHigh costs of tree planting are a barrier to meeting global forest restoration targets. Natural forest regeneration is more cost‐effective than tree planting, but its potential to foster restoration at scale is poorly understood. We predict, map, and quantify natural regeneration potential within 75.5 M ha of deforested lands in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Of 34.1 M ha (26.4%) of current forest cover, 2.7 M ha (8.0%) regenerated naturally from 1996 to 2015. We estimate that another 2.8 M ha could naturally regenerate by 2035, and a further 18.8 M ha could be restored using assisted regeneration methods, thereby reducing implementation costs by US$ 90.6 billion (77%) compared to tree planting. These restored forests could sequester 2.3 GtCO2 of carbon, reduce the mean number of expected species at risk of extinction by 63.4, and reduce fragmentation by 44% compared to current levels. Natural regeneration planning is key for achieving cost‐effective large‐scale restoration.
|Journal series||Conservation Letters, ISSN 1755-263X, (N/A 200 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||assisted regeneration, conservation planning, restoration targets, tree planting, tropical and subtropicalforest|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 2.429; : 2018 = 7.397 (2) - 2018=8.3 (5)|
|Finansowanie||Funding for this work includes a CNPq (productivity fellow-ship) and a FAPERJ JCE grant to CEVG.|
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