Measurements of the Vertical Displacements of a Railway Bridge Using TLS Technology in the Context of the Upgrade of the Polish Railway Transport

Pelagia Gawronek , Maria Makuch , Bartosz Mitka , Tadeusz Gargula


The railway system in Poland is undergoing technological transformation. The development of the Polish railway system concerns not only high-speed trains but also infrastructure. The steel bridge is the most popular type of railway bridge in Poland. Most of them were built in the 1950s and 1960s. According to the recommendations in place in Western Europe, such railway bridges should be reviewed in terms of their fitness for use with modern high-speed trains. The modern technological revolution affects not only the railway, but also developments in displacement and deformation measurement techniques. New technologies provide more objective measurement results and accelerate results processing. They also facilitate the non-contact measurement of bridge structure stability. The authors investigated the vertical displacement of an old steel railway bridge in three different, specific case studies of terrestrial laser scanning data application. Then, the results of 3D data were compared with traditional land surveying results. The scientific results led to a conclusion that a strictly determined methodology of the measurement and analysis of a terrestrial laser scanner results supported by traditional land surveying techniques facilitates the determination of the vertical displacement of bridges with acceptable accuracy.
Author Pelagia Gawronek (FoEEaLS / DoG)
Pelagia Gawronek,,
- Department of Geodesy
, Maria Makuch (FoEEaLS / DoG)
Maria Makuch,,
- Department of Geodesy
, Bartosz Mitka (FoEEaLS / DoAGCaP)
Bartosz Mitka,,
- Department of Agricultural Geodesy, Cadastre and Photogrammetry
, Tadeusz Gargula (FoEEaLS / DoG)
Tadeusz Gargula,,
- Department of Geodesy
Journal seriesSensors, [SENSORS-BASEL], ISSN 1424-8220, e-ISSN 1424-3210, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.9
Keywords in Englishdisplacement and deformation; surveying engineering; period measurements; 3D technology measurement; terrestrial laser scanning; point cloud analysis; registration; filtration; differential model; Polish railway bridges
ASJC Classification1303 Biochemistry; 1602 Analytical Chemistry; 2208 Electrical and Electronic Engineering; 3107 Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.393; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.031 (2) - 2018=3.302 (5)
Citation count*3 (2020-06-05)
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis research was partly financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland (4361/KG/2015, 2306/KG/2018) and is a part of the PhD thesis of the first author.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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