Forest microclimate dynamics drive plant responses to warming

Florian Zellweger , Pieter De Frenne , Jonathan Lenoir , Pieter Vangansbeke , Kris Verheyen , Markus Bernhardt-Römermann , Lander Baeten , Radim Hédl , Imre Berki , Jörg Brunet , Hans Van Calster , Markéta Chudomelová , Guillaume Decocq , Thomas Dirnböck , Tomasz Durak , Thilo Heinken , Bogdan Jaroszewicz , Martin Kopecký , František Máliš , Martin Macek , Marek Malicki , Tobias Naaf , Thomas A. Nagel , Adrienne Ortmann-Ajkai , Petr Petřík , Remigiusz Pielech , Kamila Reczyńska , Wolfgang Schmidt , Tibor Standovár , Krzysztof Świerkosz , Teleki Balázs , Ondřej Vild , Monika Wulf , David Coomes

Abstract

Climate warming is causing a shift in biological communities in favor of warm-affinity species (i.e., thermophilization). Species responses often lag behind climate warming, but the reasons for such lags remain largely unknown. Here, we analyzed multidecadal understory microclimate dynamics in European forests and show that thermophilization and the climatic lag in forest plant communities are primarily controlled by microclimate. Increasing tree canopy cover reduces warming rates inside forests, but loss of canopy cover leads to increased local heat that exacerbates the disequilibrium between community responses and climate change. Reciprocal effects between plants and microclimates are key to understanding the response of forest biodiversity and functioning to climate and land-use changes.
Author Florian Zellweger - Forest Ecology and Conservation Group, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research
Florian Zellweger,,
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, Pieter De Frenne - Forest & Nature Lab, Department of Environment, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University
Pieter De Frenne,,
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, Jonathan Lenoir - UR “Ecologie et Dynamique des Systèmes Anthropisés” (EDYSAN, UMR 7058 CNRS-UPJV), Université de Picardie Jules Verne
Jonathan Lenoir,,
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, Pieter Vangansbeke - Forest & Nature Lab, Department of Environment, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University
Pieter Vangansbeke,,
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, Kris Verheyen - Forest & Nature Lab, Department of Environment, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University
Kris Verheyen,,
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, Markus Bernhardt-Römermann - Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Friedrich Schiller University Jena
Markus Bernhardt-Römermann,,
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, Lander Baeten - Forest & Nature Lab, Department of Environment, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University
Lander Baeten,,
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, Radim Hédl - Institute of Botany of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Palacký University in Olomouc
Radim Hédl,,
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, Imre Berki - Institute of Environmental and Earth Sciences, University of Sopron
Imre Berki,,
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, Jörg Brunet - Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Jörg Brunet,,
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et al.`
Journal seriesScience, ISSN 0036-8075, e-ISSN 1095-9203, (N/A 200 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol368
No6492
Pages772-775
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification1000 Multidisciplinary
DOIDOI:10.1126/science.aba6880
URL https://science.sciencemag.org/content/368/6492/772
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)200
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 7.154; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 41.037 (2) - 2018=43.644 (5)
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