The concept for numerical development of modular networks integrated with the GNSS measurements

Tadeusz Gargula


The paper presents a proposed adjustment algorithm for an integrated method of measuring situational and altitude details, consisting in combining the modular network elements (classical terrestrial measurements) which the GNSS vectors. Satellite measurements are treated as additional observations, strengthening the network structure, or playing the role of binding (tie) elements between the classical modules. The proposed algorithm is based on the idea of total adjustment of all types of observations (terrestrial, satellite) with the intermediary method, according to the least squares procedure. In order to determine the necessary approximate values of the unknowns (coordinates of the points, which are being determinate), the GNSS vectors may be used.
Author Tadeusz Gargula (FoEEaLS / DoG)
Tadeusz Gargula,,
- Department of Geodesy
Journal seriesGeomatics, Landmanagement and Landscape, ISSN 2300-1496, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishmodular network, GNSS vectors, integrated networks, parametric method
Internal identifierWIŚIG/2019/42
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
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