The Effect of Environmental Conditions on Pollution Deposition and Canopy Leaching in Two Pine Stands (West Pomerania and Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Poland)

Rafał Kozłowski , Robert Kruszyk , Stanisław Małek

Abstract

This study analyzed the effect of atmospheric deposition on canopy leaching processes in stands predominantly composed of Scots pines. The research was conducted in two stands: the first located in the southwestern part of the Świętokrzyskie Mountains in the area known as Białe Zagłębie (Malik), and the second in the northwestern part of Poland in Western Pomerania (Czarne). The study was conducted in the hydrological years 2010–2013. The goal of the study was to assess the chemical transformation of precipitation as a result of various human activities. In Malik, the main factor that determined the physicochemical and chemical properties of throughfall was the cement/lime dust emitted by nearby industrial plants, which not only affected the quantity of deposit but also contributed to the alkalization process of throughfall. By contrast, the main source of pollution in Czarne, where local emitters are absent, was long-distance transport. We conducted a principal component analysis (PCA) in both stands that produced components representing local pollution (Malik) and long-distance transport (Czarne). For the stand in Czarne, sea aerosols were an important source of Na+ and Cl− ions in precipitation. In both stands, the highest enrichment ratio (ER) values were recorded for K+ ions. The contribution of leaching processes to the bulk deposition of K+ ions in Malik was 85.8%, whereas in Czarne, it was 73.8%. Regardless of the degree of anthropopressure, the intensity of quantitative and qualitative transformation in pine stands was comparable.
Author Rafał Kozłowski - Jan Kochanowski University, Kielce
Rafał Kozłowski,,
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, Robert Kruszyk - Adam Mickiewicz University (UAM)
Robert Kruszyk,,
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, Stanisław Małek (FoF / Department of Ecology and Forest Breeding)
Stanisław Małek,,
- Department of Ecology and Forest Breeding
Journal seriesForests, ISSN 1999-4907, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol11
No5
Pages1-18
Publication size in sheets0.85
Article number535
Keywords in Englishthroughfall; bulk precipitation; ion deposition; canopy budget model; Scots pine
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry
DOIDOI:10.3390/f11050535
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/11/5/535
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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The Effect of Environmental Conditions on Pollution Deposition and Canopy Leaching in Two Pine Stands (West Pomerania and Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Poland) of 15-05-2020
1,01 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.943; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.116 (2) - 2018=2.453 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
Finansowanie: This research was funded by the Jan Kochanowski University, Adam Mickiewicz University and University of Agriculture in Kraków
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