Chemical Composition and Concentration of Bioactive Compounds in Garlic Cultivated from Air Bulbils

Aneta Kopeć , Joanna Skoczylas , Elżbieta Stanisława Jędrszczyk , Renata Francik , Beata Bystrowska , Jerzy Zawistowski

Abstract

This study was designed to determine the chemical composition, antioxidant activity, and selected bioactive compound content and occurrence in whole immature and mature garlic plants grown from air bulbils. Two winter garlic cultivars, Harnaś and Ornak, of Polish origin, were cultivated from air bulbils at the Experimental Station of the Agricultural University in Kraków, Poland. Harvest bunching of garlic of both cultivars was carried out in May and in June. Mature plants were harvested in July. In whole plant proximate analysis, the concentration of vitamin C, total polyphenols, antioxidant activity, carotenoids, chlorophyll a and b, as well as glutathione level were determined. P-coumaric acid was found in Harnaś and Ornak samples collected in May. Sinapinic acid was identified in Ornak samples collected in June and July. Identification of sulphur compounds depended on the term of harvesting. Significantly higher content of total phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity, as well as other bioactive compounds, was measured in the Harnaś and Ornak cultivars harvested in May. A significantly lower level of bioactive compounds was determined in mature plants harvested in July. The organosulfur compound profile and polyphenolic profile depended on the time of harvesting. Immature garlic cultivated from air bulbils is recognized as a potential source of bioactive compounds in human nutrition, however, more research, in particular in vivo studies, is required to confirm its functional properties.
Author Aneta Kopeć (FoFT / Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics)
Aneta Kopeć,,
- Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
, Joanna Skoczylas (FoFT)
Joanna Skoczylas,,
- Faculty of Food Technology
, Elżbieta Stanisława Jędrszczyk (FoBaH / Department of Horticulture)
Elżbieta Stanisława Jędrszczyk,,
- Department of Horticulture
, Renata Francik - Jagiellonian University (UJ), State Higher Vocational School in Nowy Sącz
Renata Francik,,
-
, Beata Bystrowska - Jagiellonian University (UJ)
Beata Bystrowska,,
-
, Jerzy Zawistowski - The University of British Columbia, Vancouver
Jerzy Zawistowski,,
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Journal seriesAgriculture (Switzerland), [Agriculture (Switzerland)], ISSN 2077-0472, e-ISSN 2077-0472, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No2
Pages1-15
Publication size in sheets0.7
Article number40
Keywords in Englishair bulbils; garlic; antioxidant activity; polyphenolic compounds; sulphur compounds
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1106 Food Science; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/agriculture10020040
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/10/2/40/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Chemical Composition and Concentration of Bioactive Compounds in Garlic Cultivated from Air Bulbils of 13-03-2020
1,2 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper) [Not active]: 2018 = 1.272; WoS Impact Factor: 2019 = 2.072 (2)
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FinansowanieThe study was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.
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