Class II transposable elements in Medicago truncatula
AbstractTransposable elements (TEs) are capable of changing their genomic localization. Most class II elements (DNA transposons) transpose via physical excision and reintegration elsewhere in the genome (a cut and paste mechanism). They are widespread in plants, nevertheless, they usually do not attain high copy numbers as opposed to certain class I families. In Medicago truncatula, they are even less numerous as a group than in most other plant genomes and they were not systematically investigated. There are several reports on families of DNA transposons, including those belonging to PIF/Harbinger, Tc1/mariner, and Mutator superfamilies. Features characteristic for these families are presented in the present chapter. All of them can be related to groups of miniature inverted repeat transposable elements (MITEs) – non‐autonomous derivatives of the canonical elements, slightly more numerous and depending on the transposition machinery provided by their autonomous counterparts. Based on high levels of insertional polymorphisms in M. truncatula and high levels of uniformity of some MITE families, they likely have been active in the recent evolutionary period and might still be active. More research is needed to fully reveal the diversity of DNA transposons in M. truncatula.
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Book||de Bruijn Frans J. (eds.): The Model Legume Medicago truncatula, 2 Volume Set, 2020, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 9781119409168, [9781119409175, 9781119409151], 1264 p.|
|Finansowanie||This work was supported by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.|
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