Molecular Analysis of Retrogradation of Corn Starches

Marek Sikora , Magdalena Krystyjan , Anna Dobosz , Piotr Tomasik , Katarzyna Walkowiak , Łukasz Masewicz , Przemysław Łukasz Kowalczewski , Hanna Baranowska

Abstract

Changes of the molecular dynamics of water in 5% corn starch pastes and 5% systems composed of starch and non-starchy hydrocolloid were studied during short and long term retrogradation. Low Field NMR was used to record mean correlation times (τc) of water molecules. This molecular parameter reflects the rotation of water molecules within the network of paste. Starches of different amylose and amylopectin content were selected for this study. Comparison of the changes of τc shows how particular polymers bind water molecules. During 90 days of storage, over 50% increase in mean correlation time was recorded in pastes of starches with high amylose content. This suggests that the formation of polymeric network is controlled by amylose to which water is binding. Amylopectin was found to influence the mobility of water in the pastes to a lesser extent with changes in mean correlation times of approximately 10–15% over 90 days. On retrogradation, amylopectin, Arabic and xanthan gums hindered the formation of solid phase structures. Guar gum evoked an increase in mean correlation times of approximately 40–50% during the prolonged process of changes of the molecular dynamics of water. This indicates continued expansion of the polymeric network. Mean correlation time available from spin–lattice and spin–spin relaxation times can be useful in the analysis of the rotational vibrations of the water molecules in biopolymeric structures
Author Marek Sikora (FoFT / DoCT)
Marek Sikora,,
- Department of Carbohydrate Technology
, Magdalena Krystyjan (FoFT / DoCT)
Magdalena Krystyjan,,
- Department of Carbohydrate Technology
, Anna Dobosz (FoFT / DoToC)
Anna Dobosz,,
- Department of Technology of Carbohydrates
, Piotr Tomasik
Piotr Tomasik,,
-
, Katarzyna Walkowiak
Katarzyna Walkowiak,,
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, Łukasz Masewicz
Łukasz Masewicz,,
-
, Przemysław Łukasz Kowalczewski
Przemysław Łukasz Kowalczewski,,
-
, Hanna Baranowska
Hanna Baranowska,,
-
Journal seriesPolymers, ISSN 2073-4360, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol11
Pages1-11
Publication size in sheets0.5
Article number1764
Keywords in EnglishAmylose; amylopectin; plant gums; relaxometry; spin–lattice relaxation times; spin–spin relaxation times
ASJC Classification1600 General Chemistry; 2507 Polymers and Plastics
DOIDOI:10.3390/polym11111764
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4360/11/11/1764/pdf
Languageen angielski
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Molecular Analysis of Retrogradation of Corn Starches of 20-01-2020
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Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.057; WoS Impact Factor: 2017 = 2.935 (2) - 2017=3.509 (5)
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