Scots pine needles macronutrient (N, P, K, CA, MG, and S) supply at different reclaimed mine soil substrates - as an indicator of the stability of developed forest ecosystems

Marcin Pietrzykowski , Bartłomiej Woś , Nicholas Haus

Abstract

A main objective of restoration and afforestation at post-mining sites is establishing a long-term sustainable ecosystem which depends on adaptations of tree species and which in turn depends on the soil nutrient flux. The nutrient concentration (nitrogen (N), P, K, Ca, Mg, and sulfur (S)) of Scots pine needles was investigated in reclaimed mine soils (RMS) located at the following post-mining sites: a sand mine pit, spoil heap from a lignite mine, spoil heap from a S mine, and a carbonaceous spoil heap from an underground coal mine. The control plots were arranged on natural forest sites adjacent to the post-mining sites. A higher level of foliar nutrients was noted in the carbonaceous RMS, while lower levels were found in RMS on the spoil heap following lignite mining. The characteristics of the substrate were found to exert greater effect than mineral fertilization (performed at the onset of reclamation) on the tree stand characteristics, needle length and foliar nutrient concentration. While the soils and trees were most deficient in N, negative symptoms have not been noted to this date in tree stands at reclaimed mine sites. Trophic ratings were recommended based on statistical correlations and groupings between N and P contents in needles and needles length (mean length of 300 needles) while nutrient ratings were recommended from statistical differences and groupings of the RMS substrates.
Author Marcin Pietrzykowski (FoF / DoFE)
Marcin Pietrzykowski,,
- Department of Forest Ecology
, Bartłomiej Woś (FoF / DoFE)
Bartłomiej Woś,,
- Department of Forest Ecology
, Nicholas Haus
Nicholas Haus,,
-
Journal seriesEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment, ISSN 0167-6369, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol185
No9
Pages7445-7457
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in Englishmining sites, reclamation, afforestation, ecosystem, pine, nutrient supply
ASJC Classification2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; 2310 Pollution; 2300 General Environmental Science; 2700 General Medicine
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10661-013-3111-9
URL http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10661-013-3111-9.pdf
Internal identifierWL/P/22/2013; WL/4/11
Languageen angielski
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Scots pine needles macronutrient (N, P, K, CA, MG, and S) supply at different reclaimed mine soil substrates —as an indicator of the stability of developed forest ecosystems of 26-10-2018
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Scots pine needles macronutrient (N, P, K, CA, MG, and S) supply at different reclaimed mine soil substrates —as an indicator of the stability of developed forest ecosystems
Score (nominal)25
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 15; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.411; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.679 (2) - 2013=1.91 (5)
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