Evaluation of the chemical composition of soil as well as vine leaves and berries from the selected commercial farms in the republic of Tajikistan

Marcin Niemiec , Maciej Chowaniak , Monika Komorowska , Dagmara Zuzek , Gulov Saidali Mamurovich , Kobil Kodirov Gafurovich , Nenmat Usmanov , Dilrabo Kamilova , Jamilya Rahmonova , Naim Rashidov

Abstract

The Republic of Tajikistan is a country with a considerable fruit production potential. One of the factors most frequently implicated as limiting agricultural development, not only in the Republic of Tajikistan but also in other Central Asian countries, is the insufficient development of quality management systems in primary production, which causes difficulties in product exports. Development of a model based on soil properties which would enable evaluation of possibilities of grape production is an important element of supporting a decision-making process in the conditions of quality management systems in primary production. The aim of the study was to evaluate chemical composition of grapes and vine leaves, and the the content of assimilable forms of elements in soil. In 2018, soil samples as well as vine leaf and berry samples were collected in the Republic of Tajikistan, in the area of Dushanbe and Khujand. In the selected plant and soil samples, the content of Al, As, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, Sr and Zn was determined. The elements were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. The results reveal a relatively low potassium, phosphorus and magnesium content in plants and a high content of Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, Cr, and Al in the grapes under analysis. In no case did the content of potentially toxic elements exceed critical values for products intended for consumption (FAO/WHO 2011). Determination of assimilable forms of elements in soil extracted by means of acetic acid is a useful method of evaluating their abundance in soil under analysis. For most of the elements being tested, statistically significant correlation factors were reported between the content of elements in vine leaves and berries. As regards Sr, Cu, Na, Cd, Zn, As, Al, B, Ba and Pb, a statistically significant relationship was found between their content in leaves and berries.
Author Marcin Niemiec (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Marcin Niemiec,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Maciej Chowaniak (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Maciej Chowaniak,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Monika Komorowska (FoBaH / Department of Horticulture)
Monika Komorowska,,
- Department of Horticulture
, Dagmara Zuzek (FoAaE / DoEaFE)
Dagmara Zuzek,,
- Department of Economics and Food Economy
, Gulov Saidali Mamurovich - Tajikistan Agricultural University
Gulov Saidali Mamurovich,,
-
, Kobil Kodirov Gafurovich - Tajikistan Agricultural University
Kobil Kodirov Gafurovich,,
-
, Nenmat Usmanov - Head of collective farm VATAN-2008
Nenmat Usmanov,,
-
, Dilrabo Kamilova - Tajik Technical University – named after academic M.S.Osimi
Dilrabo Kamilova,,
-
, Jamilya Rahmonova - Tajik Technical University – named after academic M.S.Osimi
Jamilya Rahmonova,,
-
, Naim Rashidov - Tajik Technical University – named after academic M.S.Osimi
Naim Rashidov,,
-
Journal seriesJournal of Elementology, ISSN 1644-2296, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2020
No2/2020
Pages676-686
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishbioconcentration, microelements, macroelements, Tajikistan, grape quality
ASJC Classification1604 Inorganic Chemistry; 2303 Ecology; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis; 2310 Pollution
DOIDOI:10.5601/jelem.2019.24.4.1810
URL http://jsite.uwm.edu.pl/articles/view/1810/
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.638; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.733 (2) - 2018=0.785 (5)
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