Social and economic conflicts between cultural landscapes and rural communities in the English and Polish systems
Józef Hernik , Krzysztof Gawroński , Robert Dixon-Gough
AbstractThe designation of the concept of cultural landscape to a particular region is often taken in isolation of those who live and work there. Yet, at the same time, this designation has profound influences upon where they can live and the availability of suitable employment, whilst attracting into the area many who desire to ‘buy into’ that landscape. There is often an extreme contrast between housing that is affordable to the local community and housing that can be purchased by those who have access to the higher levels of finance. This frequently generates conflict between those who have historically lived in the area and those who have recently moved into the area attracted by the cultural landscape. This paper examines the contrasting situations, rules and regulations that exist in Poland and England, by taking as examples the designated cultural landscape of Wiśniowa together with the peri-urban landscape of Michałowice, both in Southern Poland, and the Lake District National Park of England. In so doing, it will compare and contrast the pragmatic, locally orientated spatial planning policies of Poland, with those of the regulated (although discretionary), top-down, planning policies of England and their implications upon the concept of spatial landscape management through land use controls. Finally, consequences of these two different approaches will be evaluated in terms of the social and economic development of the respective regions with particular emphasis placed upon provision, or lack of, policies leading to a reduction in conflict.
|Journal series||Land Use Policy, ISSN 0264-8377, (A 40 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.65|
|Keywords in English||cultural landscapes, social and economic conflicts, spatial planning policies, affordable housing, landscape management|
|ASJC Classification||; ; ;|
|Publication indicators||= 20; : 2013 = 2.385; : 2013 = 3.134 (2) - 2013=3.314 (5)|
|Citation count*||38 (2020-06-05)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.