Social and economic conflicts between cultural landscapes and rural communities in the English and Polish systems

Józef Hernik , Krzysztof Gawroński , Robert Dixon-Gough


The designation of the concept of cultural landscape to a particular region is often taken in isolation of those who live and work there. Yet, at the same time, this designation has profound influences upon where they can live and the availability of suitable employment, whilst attracting into the area many who desire to ‘buy into’ that landscape. There is often an extreme contrast between housing that is affordable to the local community and housing that can be purchased by those who have access to the higher levels of finance. This frequently generates conflict between those who have historically lived in the area and those who have recently moved into the area attracted by the cultural landscape. This paper examines the contrasting situations, rules and regulations that exist in Poland and England, by taking as examples the designated cultural landscape of Wiśniowa together with the peri-urban landscape of Michałowice, both in Southern Poland, and the Lake District National Park of England. In so doing, it will compare and contrast the pragmatic, locally orientated spatial planning policies of Poland, with those of the regulated (although discretionary), top-down, planning policies of England and their implications upon the concept of spatial landscape management through land use controls. Finally, consequences of these two different approaches will be evaluated in terms of the social and economic development of the respective regions with particular emphasis placed upon provision, or lack of, policies leading to a reduction in conflict.
Author Józef Hernik (FoEEaLS / DoSPaLA)
Józef Hernik,,
- Department of Spatial Planning and Landscape Architecture
, Krzysztof Gawroński (FoEEaLS / DoSPaLA)
Krzysztof Gawroński,,
- Department of Spatial Planning and Landscape Architecture
, Robert Dixon-Gough (FoEEaLS)
Robert Dixon-Gough,,
- Faculty of Environmental Engineering and Land Surveying
Journal seriesLand Use Policy, ISSN 0264-8377, (A 40 pkt)
Issue year2013
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in Englishcultural landscapes, social and economic conflicts, spatial planning policies, affordable housing, landscape management
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry; 3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law; 2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
Internal identifierWIŚIG/2013/239
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 20; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 2.385; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 3.134 (2) - 2013=3.314 (5)
Citation count*38 (2020-06-05)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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