Using High Resolution LiDAR Data for Snow Avalanche Hazard Mapping

Paweł Chrustek , Piotr Wężyk , Natalia Kolecka , Marek Biskupič , Yves Bühler , Marc Christen

Abstract

Each year in the Carpathian Mountains and the Sudety Mountains snow avalanches cause a great number of accidents. Avalanches also threaten buildings and affect the environment. The latest studies in Poland aim to implement advanced snow avalanche hazard mapping procedures, which would allow the creation of complex cartographic products for the location of avalanche hazard areas. These preliminary studies showed that results of these procedures strongly depend on the quality of the input digital surface data. The main goal of this study is to investigate this problem in detail through comparison of different types of Digital Elevation Models (DEMs), putting stress on high resolution DEMs generated from airborne and terrestrial laser scanning, in the context of estimating potential avalanche release areas and making run-out calculations. Test sites in the Tatra Mountains in the Carpathians and in the Karkonosze Mountains in the Sudety Mountains were selected for this study. The analysis was performed using Swiss Rapid Mass Movements (RAMMS) model and modified script on delineation automated release area. The study recognized that not only quality but also resolution of a digital surface models influence the accuracy of release area and volume estimation, calculated topography parameters, location of avalanche track and other parameters calculated by dynamic models.
Author Paweł Chrustek
Paweł Chrustek,,
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, Piotr Wężyk (FoF / DoFE)
Piotr Wężyk,,
- Department of Forest Ecology
, Natalia Kolecka
Natalia Kolecka,,
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, Marek Biskupič
Marek Biskupič,,
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, Yves Bühler
Yves Bühler,,
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, Marc Christen
Marc Christen,,
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Pages597-613
Publication size in sheets0.8
Book Kozak Jacek, Ostapowicz Katarzyna, Bytnerowicz Andrzej, Wyżga Bartłowiej (eds.): The Carpathians: integrating nature and society towards sustainability, 2013, Springer Science+Business Media, ISBN 978-3-642-12724-3, [978-3-642-12725-0], 717 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-12725-0
DOIDOI:10.1007/978-3-642-12725-0_42
Internal identifierWL/M/18/2013; WL/4/17
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)5
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