The productivity of mixed mountain forests comprised of Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies, and Abies alba across Europe

Torben Hilmers , Admir Avdagić , Leszek Bartkowicz , Kamil Bielak , Franz Binder , Andrej Boncina , Laura Dobor , David I. Forrester , Martina L. Hobi , Aida Ibrahimspahić , Andrzej Jaworski , Matija Klopčič , Bratislav Matović , Thomas A. Nagel , Rudolf Petráš , Miren del Rio , Branko Stajić , Enno Uhl , Tzvetan Zlatanov , Roberto Tognetti , Hans Pretzsch


Mixed mountain forests of European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst), and silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) cover a total area of more than 10 million hectares in Europe. Due to altitudinal zoning, these forests are particularly vulnerable to climate change. However, as little is known about the long-term development of the productivity and the adaptation andmitigation potential of these forest systems in Europe, reliable information on productivity is required for sustainable forest management. Using generalized additive mixed models this study investigated 60 long-term experimental plots and provides information about the productivity of mixed mountain forests across a variety of Europeanmountain areas in a standardized way for the first time. The average periodic annual volume increment (PAI) of these forests amounts to 9.3 m3ha−1y−1. Despite a significant increase in annualmean temperature the PAI has not changed significantly over the last 30 years. However, at the species level, we found significant changes in the growth dynamics. While beech had a PAI of 8.2m3ha−1y−1 over the entire period (1980–2010), the PAI of spruce dropped significantly from 14.2 to 10.8 m3ha−1y−1, and the PAI of fir rose significantly from 7.2 to 11.3 m3ha−1y−1. Consequently,we observed stable stand volume increments in relation to climate change.
Author Torben Hilmers
Torben Hilmers,,
, Admir Avdagić
Admir Avdagić,,
, Leszek Bartkowicz (FoF / DoEaFB)
Leszek Bartkowicz,,
, Kamil Bielak
Kamil Bielak,,
, Franz Binder
Franz Binder,,
, Andrej Boncina
Andrej Boncina,,
, Laura Dobor
Laura Dobor,,
, David I. Forrester
David I. Forrester,,
, Martina L. Hobi
Martina L. Hobi,,
, Aida Ibrahimspahić
Aida Ibrahimspahić,,
et al.`
Journal seriesForestry, ISSN 0015-752X, e-ISSN 1464-3626, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
The productivity of mixed mountain forests comprised of Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies, and Abies alba across Europe of 20-01-2020
1,2 MB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.228; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.876 (2) - 2018=2.957 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThis study was supported by the grant ‘EVA4.0’, No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/ 16_019/0000803 financed by OP RDE and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of The Republic of Poland.
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