Disturbance to Outer Soil Layers Depending on the Season of Timber Harvesting

Dariusz Kulak , Arkadiusz Stańczykiewicz , Grzegorz Szewczyk

Abstract

The paper concerns an analysis of differences in extent and characteristics of disturbances in outer soil layers, having occurred due to timber harvesting during the growing as well as winter seasons. The research areas were located in four upland mature stands – two beech and two fir ones. Felling works, conducted there in the above-mentioned seasons, were performed in the long timber system with skidding by means of a tractor of a skidder type. Performing works in winter, at thick snow cover, reduced the area of disturbed soil by 55% in fir stands and 30% in beech ones. Statistically significant differences were also recorded in respect of the depth of damages; in summer season they were more than twice as deep. Having analysed the quality of soil disturbances, it was established that the ones that emerged in winter were less harmful, being of rather minor and superficial nature. Compaction of soil was exclusively observed over surfaces where felling works were performed in the growing season. The conducted research confirmed that timber harvesting in winter is much less harmful to soil than it is in summer.
Author Dariusz Kulak (FoF / IoFUaFT / DoFaWUse)
Dariusz Kulak,,
- DEPARTMENT OF FOREST AND WOOD USE
, Arkadiusz Stańczykiewicz (FoF / IoFUaFT / DoFaWUse)
Arkadiusz Stańczykiewicz,,
- DEPARTMENT OF FOREST AND WOOD USE
, Grzegorz Szewczyk (FoF / IoFUaFT / DoFaWUse)
Grzegorz Szewczyk,,
- DEPARTMENT OF FOREST AND WOOD USE
Journal seriesBaltic Forestry, ISSN 1392-1355, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol25
No2
Pages289-295
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishtimber harvesting, damage to soil, summer and winter season, ground disturbance, soil compaction
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry
URL https://www.balticforestry.mi.lt/bf/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&catid=14&id=642
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.672; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.754 (2) - 2018=0.913 (5)
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