Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Pig Welfare—A Review

Dorota Godyń , Jacek Nowicki , Piotr Herbut


Good husbandry conditions on farms is of key importance for assuring animal welfare. One of the most important legal documents regulating the rules of maintaining pigs is the Directive 2008/120/EC, which states that group-housed pigs should have access to litter or other materials that provide exploration and occupation. Released in 2016, the Commission Recommendation (EU) 2016/336 on the application of the Council Directive 2008/120/EC characterizes the various categories of materials that may be used to improve animal welfare. According to the document, straw is considered as an optimal material for pig housing, however, materials categorized as suboptimal (e.g., wood bark) and materials of marginal interest (e.g., plastic toys) are often used in practice and scientific research. As such, the aim of this paper is to review and systematize the current state of knowledge on the topic of the impact of environmental enrichment on pig welfare. This article raises mainly issues, such as the effectiveness of the use of various enrichment on the reduction of undesirable behavior—tail biting; aggression; and stereotypies at the pre-weaning, post-weaning, and fattening stage of pig production.
Author Dorota Godyń
Dorota Godyń,,
, Jacek Nowicki (FoAS / IoAS)
Jacek Nowicki,,
- Institute of Animal Science
, Piotr Herbut (FoEEaLS / DoRC)
Piotr Herbut,,
- Department of Rural Construction
Journal seriesAnimals, ISSN 2076-2615, e-ISSN 2076-2615, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishenrichment; pigs; welfare
ASJC Classification3400 General Veterinary; 1103 Animal Science and Zoology
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/9/6/383/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Pig Welfare—A Review of 25-09-2019
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Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.148; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.832 (2)
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