Viscoelastic properties of plasma fibrin clots are similar in patients on rivaroxaban and vitamin K antagonists
M. Kopytek , M. Zabczyk , J. Natorska , J. Siudut , K.P. Malinowski , Paweł Ptaszek , A. Glajcar , T. Goralczyk , A. Undas
AbstractUnfavorable fibrin clot features have been observed in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). We investigated whether rivaroxaban, a direct factor Xa inhibitor, and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) can improve plasma clot viscoelastic properties. We studied four age- and sex-matched groups: 25 healthy controls, 15 VTE patients taking rivaroxaban 20 mg/day (blood concentration, 145 (67 – 217) ng/ml), 15 VTE patients taking VKA (INR: 2 – 3), and 15 VTE patients who stopped oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT). Using a hybrid rheometer the storage (G') and loss (G'') moduli were evaluated in citrated plasma after addition of 5 pmol/l tissue factor. Fiber thickness within clots was assessed using scanning electron microscopy. Higher G' but not G'' was observed for VTE patients taking rivaroxaban (+34%; post hoc, P = 0.029) compared to controls. As reflected by lower G' and G'', patients taking rivaroxaban (–19% and –30%; post hoc, P = 0.0013 and P < 0.0001, respectively) formed less stiff and viscous clots compared to VTE patients after OAT withdrawal, also after adjustment for fibrinogen. VTE patients treated with rivaroxaban and VKA had similar clot viscoelastic properties (post hoc, P = 0.85 for G' and P = 0.29 for G''). G' and G'' correlated with plasma rivaroxaban concentrations (r = –0.67, P = 0.005 and r = –0.59, P = 0.021, respectively), and the time from the last dose of rivaroxaban intake (r = 0.59, P = 0.02 and r = 0.58, P = 0.022, respectively). G' and G'' showed no association with INR in patients on VKAs. G' or G'' were not associated with fibrin diameter on scanning electron microscopy images in either group. Our preliminary study shows that both rivaroxaban and VKA improve clot viscoelastic properties in VTE patients, which might contribute to their antithrombotic effects. G' and G'' may reflect specific clot physical features, beyond key plasma clot characteristics, which highlights benefits from comprehensive plasma clot analysis in patients with thrombotic diseases.
|Journal series||Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, ISSN 0867-5910, e-ISSN 1899-1505, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||fibrin clot, venous thromboembolism, anticoagulant therapy, rheology, scanning electron microscopy, vitamin K antagonist|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 0.775; : 2018 = 2.544 (2) - 2018=2.457 (5)|
|Finansowanie||The study was supported by the Polish National Science Center (DEC-2018/02/X/NZ5/00004, to TG).|
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