Assessing the geomorphic effects of a flushing flow in a large regulated river

A. Tena , Leszek Książek , D. Vericat , J. Batalla

Abstract

The lower Ebro River experiences long-term hydrological and sedimentary adjustments following major regulation. Alterations in water and sediment fluxes have enhanced a massive macrophyte colonization that, in turn, generates a series of ecological and socio-economic problems. Controlled water releases, so-called flushing flows (FFs), have been designed and implemented since 2002 in this part of the river with the objectives of controlling macrophyte populations and maintaining sediment transport in the channel. FFs may produce adverse geomorphic effects, such as bed incision driven by the increased sediment transport capacity and the lack of sediment replacement from upstream. It is thus important to evaluate the potential geomorphic responses to a specific FF design, and redesign FFs regularly to maximize macrophyte removal while minimizing the undesired consequences. Geomorphic responses associated with FFs can be assessed using hydraulic and sediment transport models. In this paper, we use the hydrodynamic model CCHE2D® to evaluate the role of a monitored FF on a river's geomorphology. The designed FF had a duration of 13 h, attaining a maximum discharge of 1350 m3 s−1. A total of 3375 t of fine material were transported during that event. CCHE2D® model performance is evaluated in terms of hydraulics and sediment transport by comparing observed with modelled values (i.e. discharge, water surface elevation, sediment loads). Overall, objective functions indicate that simulations are in agreement with field observations. For instance, the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) between the observed and modelled FF hydrograph was 93 m3 s−1, whereas the RMSE of the total load was 71 t. The example modelled here shows that the FF design typically implemented in the lower Ebro does not cause severe geomorphic impacts. The model provides visualization of the spatial patterns of erosion and deposition for the first time, allowing identification of critical zones where degradation or aggradation may occur. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Author A. Tena
A. Tena,,
-
, Leszek Książek (FoEEaLS / DoHEaG)
Leszek Książek,,
- Department of Hydraulic Engineering and Geotechnics
, D. Vericat
D. Vericat,,
-
, J. Batalla
J. Batalla,,
-
Journal seriesRiver Research and Applications, [Regulated rivers], ISSN 1535-1459, e-ISSN 1535-1467, [0886-9375], (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol29
No7
Pages876-890
Publication size in sheets0.7
Keywords in Englishflushing flows, sediment transport, macrophytes, CCHE2D, river Ebro
ASJC Classification2300 General Environmental Science; 2304 Environmental Chemistry; 2312 Water Science and Technology
DOIDOI:10.1002/rra.2572
URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/rra.2572/abstract
Internal identifierWIŚIG/2013/230
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)35
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 18; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2013 = 1.153; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.971 (2) - 2013=2.415 (5)
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FinansowanieThis research has been carried out within the framework of a series of research projects funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science 2002-20012 (REN2001-0840-CO2-01/HID, CGL2005-06989-C02-02/HID, CGL2006-11679-C02-01/HID, CGL2009-09770/BTE), the Spanich Ministry of Economy and competitiveness, through the project Consolider Ingenio 2010 CSD2009-00065, and by research contracts to a study the polluted sediments in the flix Reservoir 2006-2008, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Environment and the catalan Water Agency
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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