Long-Term Productive, Competitive, and Economic Aspects of Spring Cereal Mixtures in Integrated and Organic Crop Rotations

Kazimierz Klima , Agnieszka Synowiec , Joanna Puła , Maciej Chowaniak , Katarzyna Pużyńska , Dorota Gala-Czekaj , Angelika Kliszcz , Patryk Galbas , Beata Jop , Teresa Dąbkowska , Andrzej Lepiarczyk

Abstract

Cultivation of spring cereal mixtures (SCMs) is one of the ways to increase the yield of crops in mountainous areas of Poland. There are only a few current long-term studies on this topic. Our study aimed at analyzing yield and competitiveness as well as the economic indicators of spring cereals in pure or mixed sowings in integrated or organic crop rotations over nine years. A field experiment including pure sowings of oats, spring barley, or spring triticale and their two-component SCMs, each in two systems, organic and integrated crop rotation, was carried out in the Mountainous Experimental Station in Czyrna, Poland, in the years 2011–2019. On average, cereals in the pure sowings and mixtures yielded 18% lower in the organic rotations compared with the integrated ones. However, SCMs yielded higher than the pure sowings, and displayed a higher leaf area index and land equivalent ratio. The average gross margin without subsidies was almost two times higher in the organic crop rotations than in the integrated ones, which was influenced mainly by the cultivation of barley in pure sowing. Summing up, the cultivation of SCMs in the mountainous areas of southern Poland is advised because of both productive and economic factors.
Author Kazimierz Klima (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Kazimierz Klima,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Agnieszka Synowiec (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Agnieszka Synowiec,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Joanna Puła (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Joanna Puła,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Maciej Chowaniak (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Maciej Chowaniak,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Katarzyna Pużyńska (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Katarzyna Pużyńska,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Dorota Gala-Czekaj (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Dorota Gala-Czekaj,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Angelika Kliszcz (FoAaE / DoAaAE)
Angelika Kliszcz,,
- Department of Agrotechnology and Agricultural Ecology
, Patryk Galbas (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Patryk Galbas,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Beata Jop (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Beata Jop,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
, Teresa Dąbkowska (FoAaE / DoAaPP)
Teresa Dąbkowska,,
- Department of Agroecology and Plant Production
et al.`
Journal seriesAgriculture (Switzerland), [Agriculture (Switzerland)], ISSN 2077-0472, e-ISSN 2077-0472, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No6
Pages1-14
Publication size in sheets0.65
Keywords in Englishbarley; oats; triticale; yield; leaf area index; land equivalent ratio; standard gross margin
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1106 Food Science; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/agriculture10060231
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0472/10/6/231/htm
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Long-Term Productive, Competitive, and Economic Aspects of Spring Cereal Mixtures in Integrated and Organic Crop Rotations of 16-06-2020
280,48 KB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper) [Not active]: 2018 = 1.272; WoS Impact Factor: 2019 = 2.072 (2)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis research was funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of Republic of Poland, grant number DS 3124.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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