Characterising the spatial distribution of opportunities and constraints for land sparing in Brazil

Juliana Silveira dos Santos , Rafael Feltran-Barbieri , Ellen S. Fonte , Andrew Balmford , Veronica Maioli , Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec , Bernardo B. N. Strassburg , Benjamin T. Phalan

Abstract

Brazil is a megadiversity country with more tropical forest than any other, and is a leading agricultural producer. The technical potential to reconcile these roles by concentrating agriculture on existing farmland and sparing land for nature is well-established, but the spatial overlap of this potential with conservation priorities and institutional constraints remains poorly understood. We mapped conservation priorities, food production potential and socio-economic variables likely to influence the success of land sparing. Pasture occupies 70% of agricultural land but contributes ≤11% of the domestic food supply. Increasing yields on pasture would add little to Brazil’s food supply but – if combined with concerted conservation and restoration policies – provides the greatest opportunities for reducing land demand. Our study illustrates a method for identifying municipalities where land-sparing policies are most likely to succeed, and those where further effort is needed to overcome constraints such as land tenure insecurity, lack of access to technical advice, labour constraints, and non-compliance with environmental law.
Author Juliana Silveira dos Santos - International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo State University, Universidade Federal de Goiás
Juliana Silveira dos Santos,,
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, Rafael Feltran-Barbieri - International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro, World Resources Institute, Washington
Rafael Feltran-Barbieri,,
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, Ellen S. Fonte - International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro
Ellen S. Fonte,,
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, Andrew Balmford - University of Cambridge (CAM)
Andrew Balmford,,
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, Veronica Maioli - International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro
Veronica Maioli,,
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, Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec (FoPaPE / Department of Production Engineering, Logistics and Applied Computer Science) - International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro, Pontifícia Universidade Católica, University of East Anglia
Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec,,
- Department of Production Engineering, Logistics and Applied Computer Science
, Bernardo B. N. Strassburg - International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro, Pontifícia Universidade Católica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Botanical Garden Research Institute of Rio de Janeiro
Bernardo B. N. Strassburg,,
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, Benjamin T. Phalan - International Institute of Sustainability, Rio de Janeiro, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Parque das Aves, Foz do Iguaçu
Benjamin T. Phalan,,
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Journal seriesScientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No1964
Pages1-11
Publication size in sheets0.5
ASJC Classification1000 Multidisciplinary
DOIDOI:10.1038/s41598-020-58770-5
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-58770-5.pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Characterising the spatial distribution of opportunities and constraints for land sparing in Brazil of 24-03-2020
1,7 MB
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2016 = 1.401; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 4.011 (2) - 2018=4.525 (5)
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