Prediction of the Stability of Chemical Composition of Therapeutic Groundwater

Karolina Kurek , Agnieszka Operacz , Piotr Bugajski , Dariusz Młyński , Andrzej Wałęga , Jan Pawełek

Abstract

The aim was to assess the stability of the chemical composition of the groundwater in terms of maintaining the status of therapeutic waters in accordance with the Geological and Mining Law in Poland. The basis for the analysis was the results of stationary observations for nine hydrogeological wells for the needs of the Mineral Water Bottling Plant “Piwniczanka”. The database used for the analysis covered the years 2008–2018 and concerned the content of selected ions as well as total dissolved solids and CO2 content. For each of the analyzed boreholes, the analysis of the variability of the content was performed using graphical Schoeller–Berkaloff plots and statistical investigations (GWSDAT and STATISTICA). This hydrogeochemical investigation has demonstrated that groundwater in the Piwniczna area occur as natural “carbonated waters” and “waters containing carbon dioxide”. Summing up the analysis, it can be stated that the content of basic ions of the exploited water show a small variability and does not threaten the loss of therapeutic water status for seven of the boreholes. Two of them have a little risk of loss of therapeutic water status. Variable content of sodium ions causes changes in the hydrogeochemical type of water without affecting the maintenance of the status.
Author Karolina Kurek (FoEEaLS / DoSEaWM)
Karolina Kurek,,
- Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management
, Agnieszka Operacz (FoEEaLS / DoSEaWM)
Agnieszka Operacz,,
- Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management
, Piotr Bugajski (FoEEaLS / DoSEaWM)
Piotr Bugajski,,
- Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management
, Dariusz Młyński (FoEEaLS / DoSEaWM)
Dariusz Młyński,,
- Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management
, Andrzej Wałęga (FoEEaLS / DoSEaWM)
Andrzej Wałęga,,
- Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management
, Jan Pawełek (FoEEaLS / DoSEaWM)
Jan Pawełek,,
- Department of Sanitary Engineering and Water Management
Journal seriesWater, [Water (Switzerland)], ISSN 2073-4441, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol12
No1
Pages1-25
Publication size in sheets1.2
Article number103
Keywords in Englishgroundwater; therapeutic water; stability; “carbonated waters”; “waters containing carbon dioxide”
ASJC Classification1104 Aquatic Science; 1303 Biochemistry; 3305 Geography, Planning and Development; 2312 Water Science and Technology
DOIDOI:10.3390/w12010103
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/12/1/103/pdf
Internal identifierWIŚIG/2020/2
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Prediction of the Stability of Chemical Composition of Therapeutic Groundwater of 10-01-2020
17,07 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.007; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.524 (2) - 2018=2.721 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowaniePublication is funded by the Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange under the International Academic Partnerships Programme from the project “Organization of the 9th International Scientific and Technical Conference entitled Environmental Engineering, Photogrammetry, Geoinformatics—Modern Technologies and Development Perspectives”.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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