Physical and Chemical Properties of Waste from PET Bottles Washing as A Component of Solid Fuels

Beata Jabłońska , Paweł Kiełbasa , Maros Korenko , Tomasz Dróżdż

Abstract

Waste incineration is one of the paths of implementation of the European Union’s strategy aimed at reducing the amount of waste deposited in landfills. Along with the development of methods for processing and recycling various wastes, new waste is generated. One example is waste from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles washed during their recycling. In this paper, physical and chemical properties of such wastes are analyzed in terms of their use in the power industry. This research is part of the search for new sources and new technologies for energy production. The study has taken into account the energy properties of waste intended for combustion (calorific value, water content, chemical composition, volatile substances, combustible and non-flammable content). Thermogravimetric analysis of the material tested indicated that the waste is a good source of energy. It was found that the elemental composition (C, H, N, S, O) of the waste investigated is similar to that for biomass materials, and the calorific value of 13.2 MJ/kg qualifies the waste for combustion, provided that its initial moisture is reduced, for example, for co-combustion in the cement industry. Another possibility is mixing the waste with other kinds of waste to obtain a new fuel with more satisfactory parameters.
Author Beata Jabłońska
Beata Jabłońska,,
-
, Paweł Kiełbasa (FoPaPE / IoMEEaPP)
Paweł Kiełbasa,,
- Institute of Machinery Exploitation, Ergonomics and Production Processes
, Maros Korenko
Maros Korenko,,
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, Tomasz Dróżdż (FoPaPE / IoMEEaPP)
Tomasz Dróżdż,,
- Institute of Machinery Exploitation, Ergonomics and Production Processes
Journal seriesEnergies, [ENERGIES], ISSN 1996-1073, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol12
No11
Pages1-17
Publication size in sheets0.8
Article number2197
Keywords in EnglishPET bottles washing; alternative fuel; refuse derived fuel; PET recycling
ASJC Classification1700 General Computer Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/en12112197
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/12/11/2197/pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.156; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.707 (2) - 2018=2.99 (5)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThe APC was funded by the Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, Agricultural University of Krakow. This research was financially supported by the Institute of Environmental Engineering, Częstochowa University of Technology under BS/PB-400/301/19, and the Faculty of Production and Power Engineering, Agricultural University of Krakow.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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