The effect of understory on cation binding reactions and aluminium behaviour in acidic soils under spruce forest stands (Southern Poland)

Krystyna Ciarkowska , Anna Miechówka


Acidic forest soils with two dominant understories, bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) or alpine lady fern (Athyrium distentifolium Tausch ex Opiz), have been investigated to evaluate the influence of the understory on sorption properties and aluminium behaviour. We investigated acidity, cation exchange properties, organic matter content (SOM) and quality as well as Al bonding to organic matter in humus horizons of soils taken from two different locations. SOM was the major contributor to total cation exchange capacity (CECt) and effective cation exchange capacity (CECe), and a strong relationship was found between SOM and both CECt and CECe, independently of the understory and location. SOM differed in quality, having more fulvic acids in soils under bilberry than in soils under alpine lady fern. For that reason, SOM in soils under bilberry complexed more Al in the exchangeable form in the soluble fulvic acid fraction such that they could be easily washed out, while in soils under alpine lady fern aluminium was mainly bound more stably. We also found that the chemical character of Al depended on the understory type. In soils under bilberry the relation between base saturation and pH could be successfully modelled by a modified Henderson–Hasselbalch equation when Al was considered as a base cation, which is typical for forest podzols. However, in soils under alpine lady fern, this model was efficient only when Al was treated as an acid cation. We concluded that alpine lady fern as the main understory species reduces solubility and potential toxicity of aluminium, thus significantly affecting soil biogeochemistry.
Author Krystyna Ciarkowska (FoAaE / IoSSaA)
Krystyna Ciarkowska,,
- Institute of Soil Science and Agrophysics
, Anna Miechówka (FoAaE / IoSSaA)
Anna Miechówka,,
- Institute of Soil Science and Agrophysics
Journal seriesBiogeochemistry, ISSN 0168-2563, e-ISSN 1573-515X, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.55
Keywords in EnglishBilberry, Alpine lady fern, Aluminium, Fulvic acids, Sorption properties
ASJC Classification1904 Earth-Surface Processes; 2304 Environmental Chemistry; 2312 Water Science and Technology
Internal identifierWRE/2019/29
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
The effect of understory on cation binding reactions and aluminium behaviour in acidic soils under spruce forest stands (Southern Poland) of 10-05-2019
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Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.211; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.406 (2) - 2018=3.95 (5)
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FinansowanieThis Research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland (DS-3109/IGiA/17)
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