Yield and quality performances of organic tomato as affected by genotype and industrial processing in southern Italy

Francesco De Sio , Mariateresa Rapacciuolo , Alessandro De Giorgi , Luca Sandei , Bonaventura Giuliano , Agnieszka Sękara , Alessio Tallarita , Giuseppe Morano , Antonio Cuciniello , Eugenio Cozzolino , Vincenzo Cenvinzo , Gianluca Caruso

Abstract

Identifying new tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) genotypes with improved technological performances is an important requisite for achieving high yield and quality of industrial produce. An open-field experiment was carried out in southern Italy in order to assess the effects of three elongated tomato hybrids oriented to ‘peeled’ chain (Max 14802, Massaro, Taylor) in terms of crop productivity and nutritional value. The hybrid Taylor showed the highest marketable yield due to the highest fruit number, whereas Massaro showed the highest processing efficiency. Among the three genotypes compared, titratable acidity and fiber were highest in Max 14802 fruits (0.45 g anhydrous citric acid·100 g-1 and 0.94 g·100 g-1 respectively), Taylor was best ranking in terms of fat and sucrose content, and Massaro achieved the highest glucose, fructose and rutin accumulation. Compared to fresh fruits, peeled tomatoes attained higher values of total and soluble solids, reducing sugars, total polyphenols (referred to fresh weight), rutin and naringenin, but had a decreased value of colour coordinate a/b ratio. No significant differences between the three tomato cultivars were recorded in terms of sensorial traits. From the present research interesting clues have arisen regarding the best performances of the hybrid Taylor in terms of fruit yield and organic acid content, and of the hybrid Massaro regarding the processing efficiency and fruit health-beneficial properties.
Author Francesco De Sio - [Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma]
Francesco De Sio,,
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- Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma
, Mariateresa Rapacciuolo - [Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma]
Mariateresa Rapacciuolo,,
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- Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma
, Alessandro De Giorgi - [Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma]
Alessandro De Giorgi,,
-
- Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma
, Luca Sandei - [Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma]
Luca Sandei,,
-
- Experimental Station for Food Preserving Industry, Parma
, Bonaventura Giuliano - [National Association of Food Preserving Manufacturers]
Bonaventura Giuliano,,
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- National Association of Food Preserving Manufacturers
, Agnieszka Sękara (FoBaH / Department of Horticulture)
Agnieszka Sękara,,
- Department of Horticulture
, Alessio Tallarita - [University of Naples Federico II]
Alessio Tallarita,,
-
- University of Naples Federico II
, Giuseppe Morano - [University of Naples Federico II]
Giuseppe Morano,,
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- University of Naples Federico II
, Antonio Cuciniello - [Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)-Research Center for Cereal and Industrial Crops, Caserta]
Antonio Cuciniello,,
-
- Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)-Research Center for Cereal and Industrial Crops, Caserta
, Eugenio Cozzolino - [Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)-Research Center for Cereal and Industrial Crops, Caserta]
Eugenio Cozzolino,,
-
- Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA)-Research Center for Cereal and Industrial Crops, Caserta
et al.`
Journal seriesItalus Hortus, ISSN 1127-3496, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol27
Pages85-99
Publication size in sheets0.7
Keywords in EnglishSolanum lycopersicum L.; long-type fruit hybrids; pre-processing; polyphenols; rutin; naringenin; sensorial features
DOIDOI:10.26353/j.itahort/2020.1.8599
URL https://www.soihs.it/italushortus/review_40_anno_27_2020_numero_1/yield_and_quality_performances_of_organic_tom.aspx
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne (CC-BY-NC); after publication
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis research received funding from the seed companies Syngenta Italia S.p.A. and United Genetics Italia.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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