The Carrot Nuclear Genome and Comparative Analysis

Massimo Iorizzo , Alicja Macko-Podgórni , Douglas Senalik , Allen van Deynze , Philipp W. Simon

Abstract

The first draft of the carrot genome of an orange inbred line, “DC-27,” was published in 2014. However, the genome assembly was fragmented and not assembled to the chromosome level, which limited its application for comprehensive genetic and genomic analyses. In 2016, a high-quality chromosome level, genome assembly of a doubled-haploid orange carrot DH1 was published, which rapidly advanced carrot genetic and genomic studies. The sequenced genome enabled the ability to identify candidate genes underlying important agronomic and nutrition-related traits such as root development, the accumulation of terpenoids, β-carotenes, and anthocyanins. Genome-level contributions include the clarification of phylogenetic relationships within carrot germplasm and the elucidation of the evolutionary history within the Euasterid II and Euasterid I clades. In this chapter, a description of the history of efforts made to characterize the carrot genome in the pre- and post-genomic era and the partners involved in the development of the high-quality carrot genome assembly are also described.
Author Massimo Iorizzo
Massimo Iorizzo,,
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, Alicja Macko-Podgórni (FoBaH / IoPBaB)
Alicja Macko-Podgórni,,
- Institute of Plant Biology and Biotechnology
, Douglas Senalik
Douglas Senalik,,
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, Allen van Deynze
Allen van Deynze,,
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, Philipp W. Simon
Philipp W. Simon,,
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Pages187-204
Publication size in sheets0.85
Book Simon Philipp, Iorizzo Massimo , Grzebelus Dariusz, Barański Rafał (eds.): The Carrot Genome, Compendium of Plant Genomes, 2019, Springer, ISBN 978-3-030-03388-0, [978-3-030-03389-7], 372 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-03389-7
Keywords in EnglishCarrot, Genome assembly, Chromosomes, Gene models, Repetitive sequences, Annotation, Evolution
DOIDOI:10.1007/978-3-030-03389-7_11
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-03389-7_11
Internal identifierWBIO/2019/31
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcepublisherList
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