Effect of Petroleum-Derived Substances and their Bioremediation on Triticum aestivum L. Growth and Chemical Composition

Janina Gospodarek , Milena Rusin , Aleksandra Nadgórska-Socha

Abstract

The aim of our studies was to determine the follow-up (four years after the soil contamination) effect of petroleum derived substances (PDSs), e.g., spent engine oil (EO), diesel fuel (DF), and petrol (P) on the growth of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and on the content of nutrients and heavy metals in plant leaves. We also evaluated the supportive effect of bioremediation by the use of ZB-01 biopreparation upon the parameters mentioned above. In general, the studied PDSs had not affected the growth of winter wheat, which is indicative of its relative resistance toward this kind of contaminant. PDSs significantly modified the contents of some nutrients in plant leaves: soil contamination with DF resulted in a decrease in sulphur content, but contamination with P led to the increase in carbon content with a simultaneous decrease in iron content in the analysed organs of plants. Furthermore, oils contributed to the increase in the manganese content in plants. The contaminants used in the experiments contributed to the increases in the contents of such heavy metals, i.e., zinc, lead, cadmium, and copper in the leaves of winter wheat; nevertheless, this phenomenon depended on the kind of PDSs, with stronger effects caused by oils. The application of ZB-01 biopreparation on soil contaminated with PDSs evoked changeable effects depending on the kind of contaminant and the analysed parameter. It generally resulted in levelling the negative effects of EO and DF.
Author Janina Gospodarek (FoAaE / DoAEP)
Janina Gospodarek,,
- Department of Agricultural Environment Protection
, Milena Rusin (FoAaE / DoAEP)
Milena Rusin,,
- Department of Agricultural Environment Protection
, Aleksandra Nadgórska-Socha
Aleksandra Nadgórska-Socha,,
-
Journal seriesPolish Journal of Environmental Studies, ISSN 1230-1485, e-ISSN 2083-5906, (N/A 40 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol28
No4
Pages2131-2137
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishpetroleum-derived substances, macronutrients, heavy metals, bioremediation
ASJC Classification2300 General Environmental Science; 2304 Environmental Chemistry
DOIDOI:10.15244/pjoes/91845
URL http://www.pjoes.com/pdf-91845-35975?filename=Effect%20of.pdf
Internal identifierWRE/2019/45
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)40
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.631; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.186 (2) - 2018=1.3 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieScientific publication financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland
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