Early potato cultivation using synthetic and biodegradable covers

Marek Kołodziejczyk , Andrzej Oleksy , Bogdan Kulig , Andrzej Lepiarczyk

Abstract

The cultivation of plants under the covers made of synthetic polymers brings many benefits, however, it is associated with the need to utilize or recycle these materials after the period of their use. Such problems are not caused by the covers made of natural polymers. The aim of the study carried out in the years 2013–2014 was to determine an effect of covers made of biopolymers and synthetic polymers on thermal conditions and potato yield. Field study was carried out under sandy loam and silty clay loam soils conditions. The temperature of silty clay loam soil under the covers was on average by 2.9°C higher than in the unprotected area, whereas sandy loam soil had the temperature higher by 2.5°C under biodegradable foil and by 2.7°C under standard foil. Temperature increase under non-woven fabrics was lower than under foils. The highest increase in marketable tuber yield after 40 days from emergence and in full maturity of potato plants was found after at application of standard non-woven fabric P17 (7.2 and 7.4 t/ha, respectively) and the lowest, i.e., 3.0 and 3.4 t/ha, respectively, under biodegradable foil. Cover type had no effect on the number of tubers formed on the first harvest date, whereas a significantly higher number of tubers was recorded in the full maturity of plants in the year characterized by a longer growing period of potato under non-woven P17 on sandy loam soil, and under biodegradable foil on silty clay loam soil conditions. A significant influence of cover on the average tuber weight on the first harvest date was found only on sandy loam soil under non-woven fabrics in 2013, as compared to full maturity of plants under biodegradable covers on sandy loam soil in 2013 and on silty clay loam soil under all covers in 2014.
Author Marek Kołodziejczyk (FoAE / IoPP)
Marek Kołodziejczyk,,
- Institute of Plant Production
, Andrzej Oleksy (FoAE / IoPP)
Andrzej Oleksy,,
- Institute of Plant Production
, Bogdan Kulig (FoAE / IoPP)
Bogdan Kulig,,
- Institute of Plant Production
, Andrzej Lepiarczyk (FoAE / DoAaAE)
Andrzej Lepiarczyk,,
- Department of Agrotechnology and Agricultural Ecology
Journal seriesPlant Soil and Environment, [Plant, Soil and Environment], ISSN 1214-1178, e-ISSN 1805-9368, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol65
No2
Pages97-103
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishSolanum tuberosum L.; tuber yield structure; soil temperature under covers; tuberous crop; polymeric materials
ASJC Classification1111 Soil Science
DOIDOI:10.17221/754/2018-PSE
URL https://www.agriculturejournals.cz/publicFiles/754_2018-PSE.pdf
Internal identifierWRE/2019/11
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.039; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.337 (2) - 2018=1.591 (5)
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