Proximate chemical composition and concentrations of selected bioactive compoinds in the leaves, stems and bulbs of wild garlic (Allium ursinum L.)

Elżbieta Stanisława Jędrszczyk , Aneta Kopeć , Maciej Szymanowski , Barbara Skowera

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the proximate composition and antioxidant content of the leaves, stems and bulbs of wild garlic. The composition of the edible organs of wild and common garlic was compared as well. Wild garlic was shown to be a valuable source of nutrients and antioxidants. The leaves had the highest nutritional value, followed by the stems and finally the bulbs. The leaves were the best source of protein, fat, vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus and manganese. The leaves of wild garlic had the highest antioxidant activity, due to their high content of ascorbic acid, glutathione and phenolic compounds. Significant differences were found in the chemical composition of the two species. Common garlic contained more dry matter, ash, protein, fat, available sugars, and vitamin C, and had higher antioxidant activity than wild garlic. Only the content of phenolic compounds was higher in wild garlic.
Author Elżbieta Stanisława Jędrszczyk (FoBaH / DoVaMP)
Elżbieta Stanisława Jędrszczyk,,
- Department of Vegetable and Medicinal Plants
, Aneta Kopeć (FoFT / DoHN)
Aneta Kopeć,,
- Department of Human Nutrition
, Maciej Szymanowski (FoFT / DoCT)
Maciej Szymanowski,,
- Department of Carbohydrate Technology
, Barbara Skowera (FoEEaLS / DoECaAP)
Barbara Skowera,,
- Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection
Journal seriesFresenius Environmental Bulletin, ISSN 1018-4619, e-ISSN 1610-2304, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol28
No6
Pages4778-4785
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishGarlic leaves, garlic stems, garlic bulbs, nutritional value, mineral nutrients, antioxidant activity
ASJC Classification2304 Environmental Chemistry; 2310 Pollution; 2311 Waste Management and Disposal
Internal identifierWTŻ/2019/43
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.26; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 0.691 (2) - 2018=0.637 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThis work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland.
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