The Change of pH Value and Octolasion cyaneum Savigny Earthworms’ Activity under Stubble Crops after Spring Triticale Continuous Cultivation
Angelika Kliszcz , Joanna Puła
AbstractThe changes of pH value followed by various agricultural practices are crucial for biotic components of soil, along with other environmental factors, like temperature and moisture content. In this paper, the earthworms population in triticale continuous cultivation was monitored. Their presence associated with various agrotechnical methods (e.g., stubble crops maintained as mulch, mineral fertilization without pesticides) were assessed twice by the handsorting method, and their presence during the triticale vegetation season (occurrence of coprolites) were monitored too. The aim of the study was to analyse the distribution of earthworm populations in cereal continuous cultivation fields, and whether they prefer any of the stubble crop species (Sinapis alba L., Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth., Fagopyrum esculentum Moench.), which were sown after triticale harvest. The results reveal the most abundant earthworms occurence in the F. esculentum objects (43.1% of all sampled earthworms, which consists of 42% and 47.2% of all sampled matured and juveniles individuals, respectively), and species homogeneity (dominate Octolasion cyaneum Savigny, 1826). The changes of pH varied through the triticale vegetation season, but didn’t exhibit severe variation between sampling sites. Using earthworm services in cropping systems after having enticed them to the field through stubble crop has the potential to boost agricultural sustainability. Their ecological preferences, along with their trophic behaviour, have already been put in place to complete a case study of the autecology of the O. cyaneum Savigny 1826 species.
|Journal series||Soil Systems, ISSN 2571-8789, (N/A 20 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Octolasion cyaneum Savigny; mustard; buckwheat; phacelia; triticale continuous crop; soil pH; earthworm abundance|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Finansowanie||The research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.