Interspecific effects between overstorey and regeneration in small-scale mixtures of three late-successional species in the Western Carpathians (southern Poland)

Jarosław Paluch , Leszek Bartkowicz , W. Keith Moser

Abstract

In mixed-species forests, species composition of the overstorey affects regeneration processes through its influence on seed rain intensity and micro-site characteristics. Based on extensive inventory data (1583 sample plots), this study investigated relationships between the percentages of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.), European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.), and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H. Karst.) in the overstorey and in naturally established regeneration (seedlings of a height below 0.5 m). A useful framework for this analysis was the assumption that for a given stand density level expected seedling density increases approximately linearly with the increasing percentage of conspecific trees because of increasing seed supply. The analysis partly disproved this assumption and indicated that the species’ proportions in the overstorey and regeneration change in a nonlinear manner. In the beech–fir and beech–spruce mixtures, a strong tendency for beech regeneration to increase its proportion was found in the stands with similar percentages of the species. Fir regeneration positively responded to the presence of beech and spruce in the overstorey; an over-proportional increase in fir percentage was found in stands with more than 60% of beech and, depending on stand density, in a wide range of mixture variants with spruce. These effects may be viewed as increase-when-rare mechanisms that limit superior competitors and counteract the transformation of mixed-species stands into monocultures of spruce or beech. The analysis indicated that reduced stand density considerably facilitates establishment of spruce regeneration in the mixtures with fir and beech, but decreases the percentage of fir regeneration in the mixtures with beech.
Author Jarosław Paluch (FoF / IoEaS / DoDFB)
Jarosław Paluch,,
- DEPARTMENT OF DETAILED FOREST BREEDING
, Leszek Bartkowicz (FoF / IoEaS / DoDFB)
Leszek Bartkowicz,,
- DEPARTMENT OF DETAILED FOREST BREEDING
, W. Keith Moser
W. Keith Moser,,
-
Journal seriesEuropean Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 1612-4669, e-ISSN 1612-4677, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol138
No5
Pages889-905
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in EnglishNatural regeneration, Mixed forest, Seedling bank, Competitive exclusion, Distance-dependent mortality, Facilitation
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry; 1110 Plant Science
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10342-019-01209-y
URL https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs10342-019-01209-y.pdf
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
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Interspecific effects between overstorey and regeneration in small-scale mixtures of three late-successional species in the Western Carpathians (southern Poland) of 21-02-2020
4,07 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.149; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.354 (2) - 2018=2.629 (5)
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FinansowanieThis work was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland [2012/07/B/NZ9/00953 to J.P.].
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