The dose-dependent influence of zinc and cadmium contamination of soil on their uptake and glucosinolate content in white cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. alba)

Barbara Kusznierewicz , Renata Bączek-Kwinta , Agnieszka Bartoszek , Anna Piekarska , Anna Huk , Anna Manikowska , Jacek Antonkiewicz , Jacek Namieśnik , Piotr Konieczka


The relationship between the ability to accumulate heavy metals (represented by Cd and Zn) and to synthesize bioactive compounds (represented by glucosinolates [GLS]) was investigated in two cabbage cultivars. Plants were grown in the greenhouse of a phytotron under controlled conditions in soils spiked with two different Zn or Cd concentrations. The measurements of Cd and Zn contents in soil and cabbage (leaf) samples were performed by atomic absorption spectroscopy, whereas GLS levels in cabbage were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. The ranges of metal contents in soil were 80 to 450 mg/kg dry weight for Zn and 0.3 to 30 mg/kg dry weight for Cd, whereas the levels of accumulated Zn and Cd in cabbage amounted to 15 to 130 and 0.02 to 3 mg/kg dry weight, respectively. After initial symptoms of toxicity, during a later stage of growth, the plants exhibited very good tolerance to both metals. Enhanced biosynthesis of GLS was observed in a dose-dependent manner following exposure to the heavy metals. The GLS content in Zn-exposed cabbage rose from 3.2 to 12 µmol/g dry weight, and the corresponding values for Cd-treated plants were 3.5 to 10 µmol/g dry weight. Thus, the increased soil contamination by metals caused greater accumulation in cabbage, as well as stimulation of GLS biosynthesis. The results obtained point to the high phytoremediation and biofumigation potential of white cabbage
Author Barbara Kusznierewicz
Barbara Kusznierewicz,,
, Renata Bączek-Kwinta (FoAaE / DoPP)
Renata Bączek-Kwinta,,
- Department of Plant Physiology
, Agnieszka Bartoszek
Agnieszka Bartoszek,,
, Anna Piekarska
Anna Piekarska,,
, Anna Huk
Anna Huk,,
, Anna Manikowska
Anna Manikowska,,
, Jacek Antonkiewicz (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Jacek Antonkiewicz,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Jacek Namieśnik
Jacek Namieśnik,,
, Piotr Konieczka
Piotr Konieczka,,
Journal seriesEnvironmental Toxicology and Chemistry, ISSN 0730-7268, (A 35 pkt)
Issue year2012
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishcabbage, heavy metals, glucosinolates, phytoremediation, biofumigation
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)35
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 36
Citation count*48 (2020-01-21)
Additional fields
FinansowanieThe project ‘‘The exploitation of white cabbage for phytoremediation and biofumigation of soils (AGROBIOKAP)’’ was cofinanced by the European Union from the European Regional Development Fund in a framework of the Innovative Economy Operational Programme 2007–2013.
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