Habitat selection of the Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus in the Western Carpathians: the role of the landscape mosaic
Michał Ciach , Wojciech Mrowiec
AbstractCapsule: The Ring Ouzel in central Europe occurs in a mosaic of mountain forests and open areas. Aims: To determine the habitat selection of the Ring Ouzel on a landscape scale in the western Carpathians. It was hypothesized that occurrence of the Ring Ouzel is associated with upper subalpine Carpathian forests and the presence of anthropogenic open habitats. Methods: The study compared habitat characteristics of Ring Ouzel breeding areas and randomly selected control plots. Results: The Ring Ouzel occurred between 685 and 1316 m asl, preferring middle and upper subalpine Carpathian forests. Significant differences between the Ring Ouzel breeding areas and randomly selected control plots were found for five of the landscape-scale habitat variables: altitude; distance to built-up areas; distance to roads; distance to small mountain meadows; and distance to clear-cut areas. A logistic regression model indicated that the important parameters influencing the occurrence of the Ring Ouzel were altitude and distance to the nearest clear-cut and small mountain meadow. Conclusion: The Ring Ouzel preferred higher altitudes and the proximity of clear-cuts, which presumably are a physionomical substitute for the timberline and alpine meadows. However, this species avoids the presence of small mountain meadows, presumably because of succession of a dense layer of vegetation on former mountain pastures. The presence of a cultural landscape in the Carpathians may have allowed the Ring Ouzel to colonize the lower mountain areas.
|Journal series||Bird Study, ISSN 0006-3657, (A 25 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.6|
|Score|| = 25.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal|
= 25.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal
|Publication indicators||= 1|
|Citation count*||6 (2020-03-27)|
* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.