Habitat selection of the Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus in the Western Carpathians: the role of the landscape mosaic

Michał Ciach , Wojciech Mrowiec

Abstract

Capsule: The Ring Ouzel in central Europe occurs in a mosaic of mountain forests and open areas. Aims: To determine the habitat selection of the Ring Ouzel on a landscape scale in the western Carpathians. It was hypothesized that occurrence of the Ring Ouzel is associated with upper subalpine Carpathian forests and the presence of anthropogenic open habitats. Methods: The study compared habitat characteristics of Ring Ouzel breeding areas and randomly selected control plots. Results: The Ring Ouzel occurred between 685 and 1316 m asl, preferring middle and upper subalpine Carpathian forests. Significant differences between the Ring Ouzel breeding areas and randomly selected control plots were found for five of the landscape-scale habitat variables: altitude; distance to built-up areas; distance to roads; distance to small mountain meadows; and distance to clear-cut areas. A logistic regression model indicated that the important parameters influencing the occurrence of the Ring Ouzel were altitude and distance to the nearest clear-cut and small mountain meadow. Conclusion: The Ring Ouzel preferred higher altitudes and the proximity of clear-cuts, which presumably are a physionomical substitute for the timberline and alpine meadows. However, this species avoids the presence of small mountain meadows, presumably because of succession of a dense layer of vegetation on former mountain pastures. The presence of a cultural landscape in the Carpathians may have allowed the Ring Ouzel to colonize the lower mountain areas.
Author Michał Ciach (FoF / L-IBL)
Michał Ciach,,
- Institute of Forest Biodiversity
, Wojciech Mrowiec (FoF / L-IBL)
Wojciech Mrowiec,,
- Institute of Forest Biodiversity
Journal seriesBird Study, ISSN 0006-3657, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol60
No1
Pages22-34
Publication size in sheets0.6
DOIDOI:10.1080/00063657.2012.745463
URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00063657.2012.745463#.Vcke1Pntmko
Internal identifierWL/13/9
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
ScoreMinisterial score = 25.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Ministerial score (2013-2016) = 25.0, 26-07-2017, ArticleFromJournal
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1
Citation count*6 (2020-03-27)
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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