Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas L.) Juice as a Potential Source of Biological Compounds

Maciej Gąstoł , Mirosław Krośniak , Małgorzata Derwisz , Justyna Dobrowolska-Iwanek

Abstract

Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas L.), apple (Malus domestica Borkh. cultivars Jonagold and Red Boskoop), pear (Pyrus communis cv. Conference), and plum (Prunus domestica L. cv. Common Plum) juices were assayed for their quality, organic acids, polyphenol content, and antioxidant activity (determined as a ferric-reducing antioxidant power [FRAP]). Cornelian cherry juice revealed the highest titratable acidity—2.58 g malic acid/100 g. The highest polyphenol content was also noted for Cornelian cherry—45.6 mg gallic acid (GA)/g. The medium level of polyphenols was proved for Jonagold apple (22.8 mg GA1/g). The lowest level was recorded for Common Plum (9.60 mg GA/g), followed by Conference pear and Red Boskoop apple (12.3 and 21.3 mg GA/g, respectively). The FRAP values were 1.97 mmol Fe/L for Common Plum juice, 2.37 mmol Fe/L for Conference pear juice, and 3.92 mmol Fe/L for both Red Boskoop and Jonagold apple juices. However, the obtained data indicated outstanding antioxidant properties for Cornelian cherry juice. In this case, FRAP reached 23.5 mmol Fe/L. The calculated correlation coefficient FRAP versus polyphenols indicates that the antioxidant status for Cornelian cherry is not only correlated with polyphenols but also with other biological compounds. The obtained results indicated that Cornelian cherry is a valuable source of substances with a high antioxidant activity.
Author Maciej Gąstoł (FoH / DoPaAp)
Maciej Gąstoł,,
- Department of Pomology and Apiculture
, Mirosław Krośniak
Mirosław Krośniak,,
-
, Małgorzata Derwisz
Małgorzata Derwisz,,
-
, Justyna Dobrowolska-Iwanek
Justyna Dobrowolska-Iwanek,,
-
Journal seriesJournal of Medicinal Food, ISSN 1096-620X, (A 25 pkt)
Issue year2013
Vol16
No8
Pages728-732
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Englishantioxidonants, cornus mas L., organic acids
ASJC Classification2916 Nutrition and Dietetics; 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
DOIDOI:10.1089/jmf.2012.0248
URL http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jmf.2012.0248
Internal identifierWBIO/2013/93
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)25
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2014 = 0.905; WoS Impact Factor: 2013 = 1.699 (2) - 2013=1.872 (5)
Citation count*19 (2020-04-04)
Additional fields
FinansowanieThis study was supported by the statutory funds No. 3500/KSiP from the University of Agriculture in Kraków.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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