Increase of seeding material quality of agrarian crops by the pneumatic electric separator
Urszula Malaga-Toboła , Stepan Kovalyshyn , Viktor Dadak , Ivan Horodetskyy
AbstractA detailed analysis of technical means and methods of seeds separation, as well as the research results of domestic and foreign authors, have proved that one of the perspective methods for getting of high quality seed material is the pneumatic and electric separation.The analysis of research works and the modern technical level of pneumatic separators showed that insufficient attention was paid to the study of aerodynamic separation of small-seed crops, especially, cereal grasses. By the conditions of separation in a vertical pneumatic channel the cereal crops change the area of the midlength section as to the air flow forces, and the probability was increased of getting of seeds with germs to a biologically defective seed without germs. To increase the quality of pneumatic separation one can by the selective orientation of seeds in mixture with longer axis perpendicularly to the flow of air. It is possible to achieve these conditions by the additional force action on seeds (as particles). The response of this force action could be different for a healthy seeds (with germs) and for a non-viable (without embryo) or a weed seed. Such a force effect on the particles of small-seed crop mixtures can be realized by creating of a homogeneous electric field in a separation channel. This requires a theoretical and experimental study of force action on particles during the process of separation, also justification of parameters and operating modes of the pneumatic electric separator. This study is the preconditions for design improvement of the pneumatic electric separator.
|Journal series||E3S Web of Conferences, [Environment, energy and earth sciences web of conferences], ISSN 2267-1242, (0 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Conference||XXII International Scientific Conference POLSITA 2019 “Progress of mechanical engineering supported by information technology” , 19-11-2019 - 20-11-2019, Czajowice, Polska|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
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