Genotype by environment interaction using AMMI model and estimation of additive and epistasis gene effects for 1000-kernel weight in spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.)
Jan Biocianowski , Tomasz Warzecha , Kamila Nowosad , Roman Bathelt
AbstractThe objective of this study was to assess genotype by environment interaction for 1000-kernel weight in spring barley lines grown in South Poland by the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction model. The study comprised of 32 spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes (two parental genotypes—breeding line 1 N86 and doubled haploid (DH) line RK63/1, and 30 DH lines derived from F1 hybrids), evaluated at six locations in a randomized complete block design, with three replicates. 1000-kernel weight ranged from 24.35 g (for R63N/42 in 2011) to 61.46 g (for R63N/18 in 2008), with an average of 44.80 g. AMMI analyses revealed significant genotype and environmental effects as well as GE interaction with respect to 1000-kernel weight. In the analysis of variance, 16.86% of the total 1000-kernel weight variation was explained by environment, 32.18% by differences between genotypes, and 24.50% by GE interaction. The lines R63N/61, R63N/22, and R63N/1 are recommended for further inclusion in the breeding program because their stability and the highest averages of 1000-kernel weight. The total additive effect of all genes controlling the trait and the total epistasis effect of 1000-kernel weight were estimated. Additive gene action effects based on DH lines were always larger that this parameter estimated on the basis of parental lines. Estimates of additive gene action effects based on the all DH lines were significantly larger than zero in each year of study. Epistasis effects based on all DH lines were statistically significant in 2011 and 2013.
|Journal series||Journal of Applied Genetics, ISSN 1234-1983, e-ISSN 2190-3883, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Hordeum vulgare L., 1000-kernel weight, AMMI, Stability, Genetic parameters, Doubled haploid lines|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||: 2018 = 0.689; : 2018 = 1.725 (2) - 2018=1.973 (5)|
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