Estimating maximum daily precipitation in the Upper Vistula Basin, Poland
Dariusz Młyński , Andrzej Wałęga , Andrea Petroselli , Flavia Tauro , Marta Cebulska
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the best probability distributions for calculating the maximum annual daily precipitation with the specific probability of exceedance (Pmaxp%). The novelty of this study lies in using the peak-weighted root mean square error (PWRMSE), the root mean square error (RMSE), and the coefficient of determination (R2) for assessing the fit of empirical and theoretical distributions. The input data included maximum daily precipitation records collected in the years 1971–2014 at 51 rainfall stations from the Upper Vistula Basin, Southern Poland. The value of Pmaxp% was determined based on the following probability distributions of random variables: Pearson’s type III (PIII), Weibull’s (W), log-normal, generalized extreme value (GEV), and Gumbel’s (G). Our outcomes showed a lack of significant trends in the observation series of the investigated random variables for a majority of the rainfall stations in the Upper Vistula Basin. We found that the peak-weighted root mean square error (PWRMSE) method, a commonly used metric for quality assessment of rainfall-runoff models, is useful for identifying the statistical distributions of the best fit. In fact, our findings demonstrated the consistency of this approach with the RMSE goodness-of-fit metrics. We also identified the GEV distribution as recommended for calculating the maximum daily precipitation with the specific probability of exceedance in the catchments of the Upper Vistula Basin.
|Journal series||Atmosphere, ISSN 2073-4433, (N/A 70 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.8|
|Keywords in English||PWRMSE, trend, theoretical distribution, maximum precipitation|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||= 9; : 2018 = 0.855; : 2018 = 2.046 (2) - 2018=2.253 (5)|
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