Soil Pollution by Petroleum-Derived Substances and its Bioremediation: The Effect on Aphis fabae Scop. Infestation and Antioxidant Response in Vicia faba L

Milena Rusin , Janina Gospodarek , Aleksandra Nagórska-Socha

Abstract

In this study, the effects of soil contamination with petroleum-derived substances (PDSs) (petrol, diesel fuel and used engine oil) and its bioremediation using biopreparation ZB-01 on broad bean infestation by black bean aphid Aphis fabae Scop., as well as on the antioxidant enzymes activity (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and guaiacol peroxidase (POD)) and antioxidant (non-protein thiols and proline) content in plant leaves, were determined. Results showed that after three years from the moment of soil contamination PDSs limited infestation of broad bean by A. fabae. However, the adverse effects on aphids’ life cycles were not proven. The lowered infestation may result from the lower attractiveness of contaminated plants to pests. PDSs significantly affected the activities of enzymes and the antioxidants content, with that effect being diversified. The increased activity of SOD was found in plants exposed to diesel fuel, together with the lowest numbers of aphids accompanying it, which can suggest a certain role of the enzyme in pest response to the stress caused by this PDS. The ZB-01 biopreparation limited the adverse effect of PDSs on the degree of broad bean plant infestation by A. fabae. Its influence on the antioxidant response was diversified. In the plants exposed to EO, changes in antioxidant response were reduced under the influence of ZB-01.
Author Milena Rusin (FoAaE / DoAEP)
Milena Rusin,,
- Department of Agricultural Environment Protection
, Janina Gospodarek (FoAaE / DoAEP)
Janina Gospodarek,,
- Department of Agricultural Environment Protection
, Aleksandra Nagórska-Socha
Aleksandra Nagórska-Socha,,
-
Journal seriesAgronomy, [Agronomy], ISSN 2073-4395, e-ISSN 2073-4395, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No1
Pages1-17
Publication size in sheets0.8
Keywords in Englishagricultural soil contamination; bacterial degradation; antioxidants; antioxidant enzymes; host plant; herbivores
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science
DOIDOI:10.3390/agronomy10010147
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4395/10/1/147
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.272; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.259 (2)
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieScientific publication financed from the funds for science in 2009–2013 as a research project (N N305 151537) and by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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