The Prevalence of Endoparasites of Free Ranging Cats (Felis catus) from Urban Habitats in Southern Poland

Izabela A. Wierzbowska , Sławomir Kornaś , Aleksandra. M. Piontek , Kaja Rola

Abstract

Growing urbanization leads to an increased risk of parasite spread in densely inhabited areas. Free-ranging cats can be locally numerous and come into frequent contact with both wildlife and humans. Cats are thus expected to contribute to parasitic disease transmission. In our study, we investigated the prevalence of endoparasites in free ranging cats in urban areas of Kraków city, based on necropsy of road-killed cats in relation to sex and diet of cat, season and habitat type. We found that 62% of 81 cats were infected with endoparasites with Toxocara cati being the most prevalent. In total, we identified seven parasite species. The number of parasite species was higher in suburban habitats and aside from Eucoleus aerophilus the prevalence of all parasites was higher in cats from suburban areas than in the individuals living in the city urban core. The prey of examined cats included mostly rodents, followed by soricomorphs and birds, which can all serve as paratenic hosts. Based on our results, we suggest that cats in urban areas should be considered as a serious potential zoonotic threat. Implementation of proper veterinary control and wider education on the topic is recommended.
Author Izabela A. Wierzbowska - Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie (UJ)
Izabela A. Wierzbowska,,
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, Sławomir Kornaś (FoAS / Department of Zoology and Animal Welfare)
Sławomir Kornaś,,
- Department of Zoology and Animal Welfare
, Aleksandra. M. Piontek - Jagiellonian University (UJ)
Aleksandra. M. Piontek,,
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, Kaja Rola - Jagiellonian University (UJ)
Kaja Rola,,
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Journal seriesAnimals, ISSN 2076-2615, e-ISSN 2076-2615, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol10
No4
Pages1-13
Publication size in sheets0.3
Article number748
Keywords in Englishdomestic cat; Felis catus; disease transmission; Toxocara cati; endoparasites; urban ecosystems; PCA; prevalence
ASJC Classification3400 General Veterinary; 1103 Animal Science and Zoology
DOIDOI:10.3390/ani10040748
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/10/4/748
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); published final; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); with publication
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The Prevalence of Endoparasites of Free Ranging Cats (Felis catus) from Urban Habitats in Southern Poland of 10-06-2020
2,09 MB
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.148; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 1.832 (2)
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FinansowanieThis research was partially funded by Jagiellonian University, grant number DS 756. The APC was co-funded by Jagiellonian University and University of Agriculture in Kraków.
Wkład autorówConceptualization, I.A.W.; Formal analysis, K.R.; Investigation, I.A.W., S.K. and A.P.; Writing—original draft, I.A.W., S.K. and A.M.P.; Writing—review and editing, I.A.W., S.K., A.M.P. and K.R. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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