Recovery in soil cover and vegetation structure after ancient landslide in mountain fens under Caltho-Alnetum community and response of soil microarthropods (Hexapoda: Collembola) to natural restoration process
Paweł Nicia , Romualda Bejger , Maria Sterzyńska , Paweł Zadrożny , Piotr Parzych , Agnieszka Bieda , Anita Kwartnik-Pruc
AbstractPurpose The objective of this study was to determine the long-term environmental changes induced by ancient landslide in the mountain fen. Attempts were made to demonstrate the progress of the soil cover restoration process about 200 years after the landslides and associated with changes in vegetation and soil microarthropod biodiversity and occurrence pattern associated with the restoration of soil cover. Material and methods The study covered mountain fen of the Caltho-Alnetum in the Babiogórski National Park in Outer Flysch Carpathians, Poland, where ancient landslide deposits are causing disturbance in fen hydrologic regime and over time related to various rate of fen area natural restoration processes. The drill test has been used to assess changes in layering and thickness of the fen soils. The following soil parameters, such as pH and total organic carbon content, were determined at each distinguish layer. The diversity and distribution pattern of soil microarthropods, represented by Collembola, was examined in two parts of the fen: restored and not-restored. The soil parameters, such as pH, electrical conductivity, total exchangeable base, total organic carbon, and nitrogen content, were determined in the soil samples simultaneously. The assessment of the vegetation structure recovery within studied mountain fen after landslide was referred to average parameters of the community completed for other natural mountain fens under the Caltho-Alnetum community. The research results were statistically verified. Results and discussion The test drillings showed that landslides change soil layering, site-specific soil properties of mountain fen such as chemistry (the statistically significant differences were noted only in the case of total organic carbon content), vegetation structure, and soil microarthropod communities. By changing site-specific conditions, landslides influence on the biodiversity and peatland ecosystems functioning. Conclusion Our results clearly demonstrate that the landslide itself initiated a complex and lengthy process of changes in biological aspects of peatlands including the biodiversity of the underground fauna and plant community. Soil microarthropod communities represented by Collembola can be used as a good indicator of mountain fen restoration process.
|Journal series||Journal of Soils and Sediments, ISSN 1439-0108, e-ISSN 1614-7480, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.5|
|Keywords in English||Mass movements, Mountain peatlands, Springtails, Vegetation|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2018 = 1.119; : 2018 = 2.669 (2) - 2018=3.011 (5)|
|Finansowanie||This research was supported by the National Centre of Science (NCS), Poland, Projects Nos., N N305 107540, N N304 156240, and N N305 396838|
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