Impact of abandonment on the floristic composition of permanent grassland and grassland created on former arable land

Jan Zarzycki , Wojciech Szewczyk

Abstract

In 1995, permanent plots were established in the Babia Góra mountains (Polish Carpathians) in order to compare the rate and direction of plant composition change in cut and uncut meadows of different origin. One plot was situated on permanent grassland and the second on grassland created by spontaneous succession on former arable land. In both situations the lack of land management caused the establishment of trees and shrubs, which covered almost 50% of the abandoned plots after 17 years. On permanent grassland the differences in herbaceous plant composition among the cut and uncut plots were smaller than on former arable land. In 2011 the occurrence of herbaceous plant species was similar in both treatments, although there was a big difference in terms of their abundance. On grassland created on former arable land the difference in species composition in cut and uncut areas was observed from the first year of the experiment and persisted until 2011. The research findings indicated the impact of management and initial habitat conditions on the floristic composition of mountain meadows.
Author Jan Zarzycki (FoEEaLS / DoECaAP)
Jan Zarzycki,,
- Department of Ecology, Climatology and Air Protection
, Wojciech Szewczyk (UAK)
Wojciech Szewczyk,,
- University of Agriculture in Krakow
Pages421-423
Book Helgadóttir Áslaug, Hopkins Alan (eds.): The Role of Grasslands in a Green Future. Threats and Perspectives in Less Favoured Areas. Proceedings of the 17th Symposium of the European Grassland Federation Akureyri, Iceland 23-26 June 2013, Grassland Science in Europe, vol. 18, 2013, European Grassland Federation, ISBN 978-9979-881-20-9, 581 p.
Keywords in Englishmountain grassland, botanical composition, management, succession
URL http://www.europeangrassland.org/fileadmin/media/EGF2013.pdf
Internal identifierWG/P/159/2013; WG/10/1
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)0
Citation count*1 (2015-07-29)
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