Look down—there is a gap—the need to include soil data in Atlantic Forest restoration

Maiara Mendes , Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec , Jeronimo Sansevero , Renato Crouzeilles , Luiz Fernando D. De Moraes , Ana Castro , Helena Alves-Pinto , Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion , Ricardo Rodrigues , Robin L. Chazdon , Felipe Barros , Juliana Santos , Alvaro Iribarrem , Stella Mata , Luisa Lemgruber , Aline Rodrigues , Katarzyna Korys , Bernardo B.N. Strassburg


Consideration of soil quality indicators is fundamental for understanding and managing ecosystems. Despite the evidence regarding the importance of soil for provision of local and global ecosystem services, such as water regulation and carbon sequestration, soil remains an under‐investigated and undermined aspect of the environment. Here we evaluate to what extent soil indicators are taken into account in restoration. We focused on the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, a highly fragmented biome and a global biodiversity hotspot. We conducted a systematic literature review and we showed that the majority (59%) of the studies on restoration did not consider any soil indicator. Studies that demonstrated the importance of soil indicators most commonly reported soil pH (71%, n = 44), followed by potassium content (66%, n = 41) and phosphorus (64.5%, n = 40), while the least reported indicator was water retention (6.5%, n = 4). Only 40% of the retrieved studies included information about reference sites or project baseline information. We complement our literature review with a case study on restoration in two areas of the Atlantic Forest. We found a relation between soil indicators such as soil organic matter, nitrogen, sodium and sand content, and aboveground indicators, confirming a necessity to include soil screening in restoration. Moreover, we found that prior to restoration none of these soil indicators were analyzed. This study highlights the gap that exists in soil data in restoration in studies on the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. We urge scientists and practitioners to include basic soil analysis to maximize the successful outcomes of restoration.
Author Maiara Mendes
Maiara Mendes,,
, Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec (FoPaPE / IoAEaI)
Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec,,
- Institute of Agricultural Engineering and Informatics
, Jeronimo Sansevero
Jeronimo Sansevero,,
, Renato Crouzeilles
Renato Crouzeilles,,
, Luiz Fernando D. De Moraes
Luiz Fernando D. De Moraes,,
, Ana Castro
Ana Castro,,
, Helena Alves-Pinto
Helena Alves-Pinto,,
, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion,,
, Ricardo Rodrigues
Ricardo Rodrigues,,
, Robin L. Chazdon
Robin L. Chazdon,,
et al.`
Journal seriesRestoration Ecology, ISSN 1061-2971, e-ISSN 1526-100X, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishAtlantic forest, forest landscape restoration, gap analysis, restoration, soil-restoration relationship, systematic review
ASJC Classification1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; 2303 Ecology; 2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
URL https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/rec.12875
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 2; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 1.12; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.826 (2) - 2018=2.888 (5)
Citation count*
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Oświadczenie o afiliacjiAgnieszka E. Latawiec
FinansowanieWe would like to acknowledge the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), International Climate Initiative (IKI), and Projeto Temático FAPESP: 2013/50718‐5 for all the support and for generous funding of this research.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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