Is Acrylamide as Harmful as We Think? A New Look at the Impact of Acrylamide on the Viability of Beneficial Intestinal Bacteria of the Genus Lactobacillus
Katarzyna Petka , Tomasz Tarko , Aleksandra Duda-Chodak
AbstractThe impact of acrylamide (AA) on microorganisms is still not clearly understood as AA has not induced mutations in bacteria, but its epoxide analog has been reported to be mutagenic in Salmonella strains. The aim of the study was to evaluate whether AA could influence the growth and viability of beneficial intestinal bacteria. The impact of AA at concentrations of 0–100 µg/mL on lactic acid bacteria (LAB) was examined. Bacterial growth was evaluated by the culture method, while the percentage of alive, injured, and dead bacteria was assessed by flow cytometry after 24 h and 48 h of incubation. We demonstrated that acrylamide could influence the viability of the LAB, but its impact depended on both the AA concentration and the bacterial species. The viability of probiotic strain Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 increased while that of Lactobacillus plantarum decreased; Lactobacillus brevis was less sensitive. Moreover, AA influenced the morphology of L. plantarum, probably by blocking cell separation during division. We concluded that acrylamide present in food could modulate the viability of LAB and, therefore, could influence their activity in food products or, after colonization, in the human intestine.
|Journal series||Nutrients, ISSN 2072-6643, (N/A 140 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||1.05|
|Keywords in English||lactic acid bacteria; probiotic; acrylamide; viability; flow cytometry|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2016 = 1.392; : 2018 = 4.171 (2) - 2018=4.813 (5)|
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