Postęp badań fizjologicznych i genetycznych w zakresie reakcji drzew leśnych na niskie temperatury

Maria Novokreshchenova , Katarzyna Skowyra , Marta Kempf

Abstract

Forest trees are a great model for physiological and genetic studies of plant resistance to unfavorable environmental conditions, since the same species can successfully acclimate at different latitudes. Modern biology, such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, etc., significantly facilitates these studies and accelerates the acquisition of new knowledge. This allows for a more effective implementation of conservation measures and the renewal of forest ecosystems. This review contains information on the latest scientific achievements in the field of acclimatization and tolerance to abiotic stresses, such as cold and frost, of forest trees. There is no doubt that in the course of evolution forest trees developed a complex and dynamic mechanism for controlling the entry into the winter dormancy stage, which allows woody plants to successfully survive in cold and freezing conditions and is initiated long before the beginning of winter. Studying the function of individual genes in forest tree species, however, remains an incredibly difficult task due to large genomes, specific development as well as the lack of standard techniques and routine procedures. In recent years, similarities between the well-studied genetic response to low temperatures of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and forest trees have been identified, which produced meaningful analogies and allows for issues of functional genetics to be addressed more effectively. The main goal of this work was to show that findings from forest tree genomics can be effectively used as a tool for the reproduction and protection of important tree species through the identification of the predisposition of specific populations to climate change and their adaptive capacity.
Author Maria Novokreshchenova
Maria Novokreshchenova,,
-
, Katarzyna Skowyra (FoF)
Katarzyna Skowyra,,
- Faculty of Forestry
, Marta Kempf (FoF / DoEaFB)
Marta Kempf,,
- DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY AND FOREST BREEDING
Other language title versionsProgress in physiological and genetic research concerning forest tree response to low temperature
Journal seriesLeśne Prace Badawcze, ISSN 1732-9442, e-ISSN 2082-8926, (N/A 20 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol80
No4
Pages277-284
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in Polishadaptacja, tolerancja, odpowiedź molekularna na stres, drzewa leśne
Keywords in Englishadaptation, tolerance, molecular response to stress, woody plants
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry
DOIDOI:10.2478/frp-2019-0028
Languagepl polski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's final; Uznanie Autorstwa - Użycie Niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych (CC-BY-NC-ND); after publication
Score (nominal)20
Score sourcejournalList
Citation count*
Additional fields
FinansowanieBadania sfinansowano ze środków własnych.
Wkład autorówM.N. – koncepcja, przegląd literatury, napisanie pracy; K.S. – przegląd literatury, napisanie pracy; M.K. – przegląd literatury, napisanie pracy, redakcja.
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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