Agronomic potential of winter grain legumes for Central Europe: Development, soil coverage and yields

Reinhard W. Neugschwandtner , Alexander Bernhuber , Stefan Kammlander , Helmut Wagentristlb , Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra , Hans-Peter Kaula

Abstract

Shifting from spring-sowing to autumn-sowing of crops might be a way to address expected changes in agro-climatic conditions in Central European cropping systems. Therefore, a two-year field experiment was conducted under Pannonian climate conditions in eastern Austria for assessing development, soil coverage and yields of winter faba bean and winter pea in comparison to spring faba bean and spring pea and winter wheat and winter oat. Both winters were mild and both winter grain legumes showed a high winter survival. Winter grain legumes had lower soil coverage in autumn than winter wheat but higher soil coverage than spring-sown grain legumes up to mid-May. Autumn-sowing resulted in earlier flowering, a longer duration of developmental stages and higher grain and residue yields than spring-sown grain legumes. Winter pea had higher grain yield than winter faba bean. Autumn-sowing of both faba bean and pea can be recommended in Central European growing conditions.
Author Reinhard W. Neugschwandtner
Reinhard W. Neugschwandtner,,
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, Alexander Bernhuber
Alexander Bernhuber,,
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, Stefan Kammlander
Stefan Kammlander,,
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, Helmut Wagentristlb
Helmut Wagentristlb,,
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, Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra (FoAE / IoPP)
Agnieszka Klimek-Kopyra,,
- Institute of Plant Production
, Hans-Peter Kaula
Hans-Peter Kaula,,
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Journal seriesField Crops Research, ISSN 0378-4290, e-ISSN 1872-6852, (N/A 140 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol241
Pages1-7
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishPea Faba bean Sowing date Crop development Soil coverage Yield
ASJC Classification1102 Agronomy and Crop Science; 1111 Soil Science
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2019.107576
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)140
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 1; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 1.871; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 3.868 (2) - 2018=4.683 (5)
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