Vegetation of Permanent Pastures as a Biomass Source for Energy Purposes

Andrzej Żabiński , Urszula Sadowska , Marcin Jewiarz , Krzysztof Gondek , Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek


The study aimed at determining applicability of permanent pasture (meadow) vegetation for energy purposes. The possibility of using mowed, airdried and collected biomass as solid fuel was considered. Botanical composition of the sward and the yield size were determined on the studied area. For individual species found in the sward, analysis of chemical composition, ash content, volatile matter, solid carbon, higher heating value and calorific value were determined. Sward of the studied pasture was dominated by: True fox sedge Carex vulpina L and tufted hairgrass Deschampsia caespitosa L. Hay yield was 66.3 dt ha−1. Mean higher heating value of the collected plant material was 16.54 MJ kg−1, calorific value was 15.26 MJ kg−1. Ash constituted 6.54%. Vegetation of the studied meadow was characterized by elevated potassium, sodium and calcium content relative to energy crop biomass.
Author Andrzej Żabiński (FoPaPE / IoMEEaPP)
Andrzej Żabiński,,
- Institute of Machinery Exploitation, Ergonomics and Production Processes
, Urszula Sadowska (FoPaPE / IoMEEaPP)
Urszula Sadowska,,
- Institute of Machinery Exploitation, Ergonomics and Production Processes
, Marcin Jewiarz (FoPaPE / DoMEaA)
Marcin Jewiarz,,
- Department of Mechanical Engineering and Agrophysics
, Krzysztof Gondek (FoAE / DoAaECh)
Krzysztof Gondek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
, Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek (FoAaE / DoAaECh)
Monika Mierzwa-Hersztek,,
- Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry
Publication size in sheets0.5
Book Krakowiak-Bal Anna, Vaverkova Magdalena (eds.): Infrastructure and Environment, 2019, Springer, ISBN 978-3-030-16541-3, [978-3-030-16542-0], 392 p., DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-16542-0
Keywords in EnglishMeadow biomass, Energy purposes, Direct combustion
Internal identifierWRE/2019/79
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)20
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThis research was financed by Ministry of Science and Higher Educaton of the Republic of Poland.
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