Yield, Growth, Quality, Biochemical Characteristics and Elemental Composition of Plant Parts of Celery Leafy, Stalk and Root Types Grown in the Northern Hemisphere

Nadezhda Golubkina , Viktor A. Kharchenko , Anastasia I. Moldovan , Andrey A. Koshevarov , Svetlana Zamana , Sergey Nadezhkin , Alexey Soldatenko , Agnieszka Sękara , Alessio Tallarita , Gianluca Caruso

Abstract

Celery is one of the major nutraceutical vegetable species due to the high dietary and medicinal properties of all of its plant parts. Yield, growth and produce quality of six celery genotypes belonging to leafy (Elixir and Samurai), stalk (Atlant and Primus) or root (Egor and Dobrynya) types, as well as the distribution of biomass, sugars, mineral elements and antioxidants among the different plant parts, were assessed. Within the celery root type, cultivar Dobrynya resulted in higher yield than Egor, whereas the genotype did not significantly affect the marketable plant part production of leafy and stalk types. Leaf/petiole ratios relevant to biomass, total dissolved solids, sugars, ascorbic acid, flavonoids, antioxidant activity and ash, K, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu and Se content were significantly affected by the celery type examined. Ash content was highest in the leaves and lowest in the roots. Celery antioxidant system was characterized by highly significant relationships between ascorbic acid, polyphenols, flavonoids, antioxidant activity and Zn. Among the celery types analyzed, the highest values of chlorophyll, Fe and Mn content as well as antioxidant activity were recorded in leaves from root genotypes, which suggests interesting nutraceutical prospects of the aforementioned plant parts for human utilization.
Author Nadezhda Golubkina - Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Production, Russia
Nadezhda Golubkina,,
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, Viktor A. Kharchenko - Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Production, Russia
Viktor A. Kharchenko,,
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, Anastasia I. Moldovan - Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Production, Russia
Anastasia I. Moldovan,,
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, Andrey A. Koshevarov - Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Production, Russia
Andrey A. Koshevarov,,
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, Svetlana Zamana - State University of Land Management, Moscow, Russia
Svetlana Zamana,,
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, Sergey Nadezhkin - Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Production, Russia
Sergey Nadezhkin,,
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, Alexey Soldatenko - Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Production, Russia
Alexey Soldatenko,,
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, Agnieszka Sękara (FoBaH / Department of Horticulture)
Agnieszka Sękara,,
- Department of Horticulture
, Alessio Tallarita - University of Naples Federico II
Alessio Tallarita,,
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, Gianluca Caruso - University of Naples Federico II
Gianluca Caruso,,
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Journal seriesPlants, [Plants], ISSN 2223-7747, e-ISSN 2223-7747, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2020
Vol9
No4
Pages1-13
Publication size in sheets0.6
Keywords in EnglishApium graveolens L.; plant parts; sugars; polyphenols; flavonoids; carotenes; chlorophyll; antioxidant activity
ASJC Classification1105 Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics; 1110 Plant Science; 2303 Ecology
DOIDOI:10.3390/plants9040484
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2223-7747/9/4/484
Languageen angielski
LicenseJournal (articles only); author's original; Uznanie Autorstwa (CC-BY); after publication
File
plants-09-00484-v2.pdf 1,94 MB
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2017 = 0.969; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.632 (2)
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FinansowanieThis research did not receive any grants from public, commercial or not-for-profit agencies.
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