The Effect of Insect Defoliations and Seed Production on the Dynamics of Radial Growth Synchrony among Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris L. Provenances

Marcin Klisz , Radosław Puchałka , Sławomir Wilczyński , Władysław Kantorowicz , Tomasz Jabłoński , Jan Kowalczyk

Abstract

The intraspecific variation of climate–growth relationships observed on provenance trials results from among–provenance differences in phenotypic plasticity. Temporal variation in radial growth synchrony among provenances may be modified by adverse climatic/biotic conditions such as drought or insect defoliation. However, these factors can potentially diminish provenance–specific growth reactions and, consequently, prevent the identification of provenances with the highest adaptive potential. Thus, understanding the influence of major biotic conditions on provenance–specific climate–growth relationships seems to be important to anticipate climate change. To determine provenance–specific growth patterns in relation to climate conditions (drought), seed production (reproductive effort), and insect defoliation in a common garden of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), we applied dendroecological techniques to time–series of tree–ring widths and basal area increments. The long–term records of seed production and insect outbreaks from the local Scots pine stands were used to explain the potential effect of biotic factors on the temporal dynamics of radial growth synchrony. During a period of favorable growth conditions, Scots pine provenances showed a decline in inter–provenance synchronicity in growth patterns, while during years affected by severe soil water deficit and insect defoliation, they manifested high uniformity in growth dynamics. The long–term trend in growth synchrony among P. sylvestris provenances depend on both abiotic and biotic environmental factors. This gains significance following an introduction of the appropriate selection of tree provenances for climate–smart forestry.
Author Marcin Klisz
Marcin Klisz,,
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, Radosław Puchałka
Radosław Puchałka,,
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, Sławomir Wilczyński (FoF / FEPI / DoFPEaC)
Sławomir Wilczyński,,
- DEPARTMENT OF FOREST PROTECTION, ENTOMOLOGY AND FOREST CLIMATOLOGY
, Władysław Kantorowicz
Władysław Kantorowicz,,
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, Tomasz Jabłoński
Tomasz Jabłoński,,
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, Jan Kowalczyk
Jan Kowalczyk,,
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Journal seriesForests, ISSN 1999-4907, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Vol10
No10
Pages1-21
Publication size in sheets1
Article number934
Keywords in Englishdendroecology; drought; insect outbreaks; natural disturbances; regeneration; suitable forest management
ASJC Classification1107 Forestry
DOIDOI:10.3390/f10100934
URL https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4907/10/10/934
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.943; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.116 (2) - 2018=2.453 (5)
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