Exposure to herbicide linuron results in alterations in hematological profile and stress biomarkers of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Hanna Lutnicka , Bartosz Bojarski , Małgorzata Witeska , Barbara Tombarkiewicz , Grzegorz Formicki


Phenylurea herbicides such as linuron are commonly applied in agriculture. Common carp juveniles were subjected to 31.5 µg/L of linuron for 14 days, and then to 30 days of purification. Peripheral blood was sampled after 1, 3, 7 and 14 days of exposure and 7, 14 and 30 days of purification and hematological parameters were evaluated: erythrocyte (RBCc) and leukocyte (WBCc) counts, hematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin concentration (Hb), mean cell volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and differential leukocyte count. For evaluation of cortisol and catecholamine concentrations blood was sampled after 3, 6 and 12 h, after 1, 3 and 14 days of exposure, and after 30 days of purification. Linuron caused mainly transient increase in RBCc, Ht and MCV values and increase in WBCc and percentage of juvenile neutrophils. The herbicide caused persistant increase of cortisol and catecholamine concentrations. The results indicate that exposure to low concentration of linuron induced a stress response in common carp.
Author Hanna Lutnicka (VET)
Hanna Lutnicka,,
- University Centre for Veterinary Medicine UJ-UR
, Bartosz Bojarski
Bartosz Bojarski,,
, Małgorzata Witeska
Małgorzata Witeska,,
, Barbara Tombarkiewicz (FoAS / IoVS)
Barbara Tombarkiewicz,,
- Institute of Veterinary Sciences
, Grzegorz Formicki
Grzegorz Formicki,,
Journal seriesEcotoxicology, ISSN 0963-9292, e-ISSN 1573-3017, (N/A 70 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Keywords in EnglishFish, Pesticide, Blood, Cortisol, Catecholamines
ASJC Classification2700 General Medicine; 3005 Toxicology; 2307 Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis; 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10646-018-2000-y
Internal identifierWHiBZ/2019/10
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)70
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 0; Scopus SNIP (Source Normalised Impact per Paper): 2018 = 0.855; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 2.46 (2) - 2018=2.634 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThis study has been supported by grant N N304 279440 (National Science Center, Poland), University Centre of Veterinary Medicine UJ-UA in Krakow and DS 3263/ZWRiDZ (Department of Veterinary Science, Animal Reproduction and Welfare, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland).
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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