Melatonin promotes seed germination under salinity and enhances the biosynthesis of steviol glycosides in Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves
Magdalena Simlat , Agnieszka Szewczyk , Agata Ptak
AbstractMelatonin (MEL) can act as a plant growth regulator and biostimulator in stressful situations. Using MEL in seed pretreatment also affects the future growth of plants. Therefore, this research investigated the effects of MEL on seed germination and seedling growth under NaCl in in vitro conditions. The additional effects of MEL on the accumulation of steviol glycosides (SGs) and on the expression of appropriate genes were also studied. Five μM of MEL was the best concentration for seed germination, while 20 μM exerted a positive impact on the biomass of stevia plantlets. NaCl significantly decreased seed germination, but MEL alleviated this effect when seeds were germinated in 50 mM of NaCl. Under salinity, the values of almost all morphological traits decreased as MEL concentration increased. The highest amounts of stevioside and rebaudioside A (Reb A) were observed as a result of treating seeds with 5 and 20 μM of MEL, respectively. When adding NaCl, positive impacts of MEL on the accumulation of both SGs were also observed. Expression analyses of the genes involved in SGs biosynthesis was explored in seeds and leaves, and the transcripts of key enzymes occurred in both the tissues. However, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis showed that all tested genes were upregulated in younger leaves, contrary to older ones. Also in younger, rather than older, leaves SG gene expression varied according to MEL concentration. This study, therefore, presents the promising potential of MEL for improving stevia seed germination under salinity conditions and for enhancing the production of SGs in stevia plants.
|Journal series||PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, (N/A 100 pkt)|
|Publication size in sheets||0.95|
|ASJC Classification||; ;|
|License||Journal (articles only); author's original; ; after publication|
|Publication indicators||= 0; : 2017 = 1.111; : 2018 = 2.776 (2) - 2018=3.337 (5)|
|Finansowanie||The research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Higher Educationof the Republic of Poland. The funders had no role in study design, data collectionand analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.|
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