Strategic approaches to restoring ecosystems can triple conservation gains and halve costs

Bernardo B.N. Strassburg , Hawthorne L. Beyer , Renato Crouzeilles , Alvaro Iribarrem , Felipe Barros , Marinez Ferreira de Siqueira , Andrea Sanchez-Tapia , Andrew Balmford , Jeronimo Boelsums Barreto Sansevero , Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion , Eben North Broadbent , Robin L. Chazdon , Ary Oliveira Filho , Toby Gardner , Ascelin Gordon , Agnieszka Ewa Latawiec , Rafael Loyola , Jean Paul Metzger , Morena Mills , Hugh P. Possingham , Ricardo Rodrigues , Carlos Alberto de Mattos Scaramuzza , Fabio Rubio Scarano , Leandro Tambosi , Maria Uriarte


International commitments for ecosystem restoration add up to one-quarter of the world’s arable land. Fulfilling them would ease global challenges such as climate change and biodiversity decline but could displace food production and impose financial costs on farmers. Here, we present a restoration prioritization approach capable of revealing these synergies and trade-offs, incorporating ecological and economic efficiencies of scale and modelling specific policy options. Using an actual large-scale restoration target of the Atlantic Forest hotspot, we show that our approach can deliver an eightfold increase in cost-effectiveness for biodiversity conservation compared with a baseline of non-systematic restoration. A compromise solution avoids 26% of the biome’s current extinction debt of 2,864 plant and animal species (an increase of 257% compared with the baseline). Moreover, this solution sequesters 1 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent (a 105% increase) while reducing costs by US$28 billion (a 57% decrease). Seizing similar opportunities elsewhere would offer substantial contributions to some of the greatest challenges for humankind.
Author Bernardo B.N. Strassburg
Bernardo B.N. Strassburg,,
, Hawthorne L. Beyer
Hawthorne L. Beyer,,
, Renato Crouzeilles
Renato Crouzeilles,,
, Alvaro Iribarrem
Alvaro Iribarrem,,
, Felipe Barros
Felipe Barros,,
, Marinez Ferreira de Siqueira
Marinez Ferreira de Siqueira,,
, Andrea Sanchez-Tapia
Andrea Sanchez-Tapia,,
, Andrew Balmford
Andrew Balmford,,
, Jeronimo Boelsums Barreto Sansevero
Jeronimo Boelsums Barreto Sansevero,,
, Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion
Pedro Henrique Santin Brancalion,,
et al.`
Journal seriesNature Ecology & Evolution, [Nature Ecology and Evolution], ISSN 2397-334X, (N/A 100 pkt)
Issue year2019
Publication size in sheets0.5
Languageen angielski
Score (nominal)100
Score sourcejournalList
Publication indicators WoS Citations = 6; WoS Impact Factor: 2018 = 10.965 (2) - 2018=10.969 (5)
Citation count*
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FinansowanieThe authors acknowledge the support and inputs from the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment, the Secretariat of the Convention of Biological Diversity and experts from the Intergovernmental Science—Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES). B.B.N.S. acknowledges that this work was supported by the Serrapilheira Institute (grant number Serra-1709-19329). B.B.N.S., R.C., A.I. and A.L. acknowledge the support of the German Ministry of the Environment’s International Climate Initiative. R.L. thanks the CNPq (grant number 308532/2014-7) and the O Boticário Group Foundation for Nature Protection (grant number PROG_0008_2013). F.B., M.F.S. and A.S.T. thank CNPq (grant numbers 441929/2016-8 and 461572/2014-1). M.F.S. and A.S.T. thank CAPES (grant number 88887.145924/2017-00). The authors also acknowledge the support of I. L. Lucas in the preparation of the final version of the manuscript.
Oświadczenie o afiliacjiAgnieszka Latawiec
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* presented citation count is obtained through Internet information analysis and it is close to the number calculated by the Publish or Perish system.
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